How to format your references using the Labour Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Labour Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myers, E.G., 2014. Fundamental constants: The teamwork of precision. Nature 506, 440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mendelsohn, M.E., Karas, R.H., 2005. Molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular gender differences. Science 308, 1583–1587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bibby, T.S., Nield, J., Barber, J., 2001. Iron deficiency induces the formation of an antenna ring around trimeric photosystem I in cyanobacteria. Nature 412, 743–745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lewis, K.W., Aharonson, O., Grotzinger, J.P., Kirk, R.L., McEwen, A.S., Suer, T.-A., 2008. Quasi-periodic bedding in the sedimentary rock record of Mars. Science 322, 1532–1535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halstead, P., 2014. Two Oxen Ahead. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Quarteroni, A., 2010. Calcul Scientifique: Cours, exercices corrigés et illustrations en MATLAB et Octave, Deuxième édition. ed. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Domaratzki, M., Salomaa, K., 2011. On Language Decompositions and Primality, in: Calude, C.S., Rozenberg, G., Salomaa, A. (Eds.), Rainbow of Computer Science: Dedicated to Hermann Maurer on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Labour Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Astronomers Searched 100,000 Galaxies For Signs Of Advanced Alien Civilizations [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Comments on H.R. 3229 and H.R. 3240 (No. B-203297). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, N.A., 2010. Adults who have learning disabilities: Transition from GED to postsecondary activities (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
CHARKES; Mary Jo, J., Reporting, L.S.C., 2009. A Spring Surprise: Openings in Preschools. New York Times WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myers, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mendelsohn and Karas, 2005; Myers, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mendelsohn and Karas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lewis et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLabour Economics
AbbreviationLabour Econ.
ISSN (print)0927-5371
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Economics and Econometrics

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