How to format your references using the Labour Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Labour Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brune, H., 2006. Applied physics. Assembly and probing of spin chains of finite size. Science 312, 1005–1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheppard, S.S., Trujillo, C.A., 2006. A thick cloud of Neptune Trojans and their colors. Science 313, 511–514.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burstein, G.T., Hutchings, I.M., Sasaki, K., 2000. Electrochemically induced annealing of stainless-steel surfaces. Nature 407, 885–887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paterson, S., Vogwill, T., Buckling, A., Benmayor, R., Spiers, A.J., Thomson, N.R., Quail, M., Smith, F., Walker, D., Libberton, B., Fenton, A., Hall, N., Brockhurst, M.A., 2010. Antagonistic coevolution accelerates molecular evolution. Nature 464, 275–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wempen, F., 2010. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 Bible. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Johnson, B.C., Faill, D.K. (Eds.), 2015. Glee and New Directions for Social Change, Youth, Media, & Culture Series. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Krutmann, J., Gilchrest, B.A., 2006. Photoaging of Skin, in: Gilchrest, B.A., Krutmann, J. (Eds.), Skin Aging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Labour Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Genetic analysis reveals there are seven seperate spcies of African crocodiles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Federal-Aid Highways: Cost and Oversight of Major Highway and Bridge Projects--Issues and Options (No. GAO-03-764T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, M.W., 2017. The Louisiana Teacher Assault Pay Statute: An Analysis of Court Decisions Interpreting the Statute and a Comparative Study of Teacher Assault Pay Statutes in Other States (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2012. Alchemists Needed for Mets’ Golden Anniversary. New York Times SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brune, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Brune, 2006; Sheppard and Trujillo, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheppard and Trujillo, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Paterson et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleLabour Economics
AbbreviationLabour Econ.
ISSN (print)0927-5371
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Economics and Econometrics

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