How to format your references using the Dental Abstracts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dental Abstracts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Speakman JR. FTO effect on energy demand versus food intake. Nature. 2010;464(7289):E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Clarke CF, Allan CM. Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2. Nature. 2015;522(7557):427-428.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Liu J, Gong P, Zhou X. The association between romantic relationship status and 5-HT1A gene in young adults. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7049.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Syvitski JPM, Vörösmarty CJ, Kettner AJ, Green P. Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean. Science. 2005;308(5720):376-380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stuart B. Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Rattan SIS, Kassem M, eds. Prevention and Treatment of Age-Related Diseases. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Calgaro CO, Tanabe EH, Bertuol DA, Silvas FPC, Espinosa DCR, Tenório JAS. Leaching Processes. In: Veit HM, Moura Bernardes A, eds. Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques. Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:39-59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dental Abstracts.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Muscle Engineered To Respond To Light. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/muscle-engineered-respond-light/. Published June 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Status of Implementation of GAO Recommendations on Evacuation of Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations and Patients and Residents of Health Care Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wester AM. Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Putting Veterans First in the Job Market. New York Times. January 11, 2009:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDental Abstracts
AbbreviationDent. Abstr.
ISSN (print)0011-8486
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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