How to format your references using the Chinese Herbal Medicines citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Herbal Medicines. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Chemistry’s clouded view. Nature, 421(6920), 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S. W. S., & Schwarz, N. (2010). Washing away postdecisional dissonance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5979), 709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A., van Duijn, E., & Braakman, I. (2002). Coordinated nonvectorial folding in a newly synthesized multidomain protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2401–2403.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Calcinotto, A., Spataro, C., Zagato, E., Di Mitri, D., Gil, V., Crespo, M., De Bernardis, G., Losa, M., Mirenda, M., Pasquini, E., Rinaldi, A., Sumanasuriya, S., Lambros, M. B., Neeb, A., Lucianò, R., Bravi, C. A., Nava-Rodrigues, D., Dolling, D., Prayer-Galetti, T., … Alimonti, A. (2018). IL-23 secreted by myeloid cells drives castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nature, 559(7714), 363–369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau, J. Y. F. (2011). An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tse, J. K. H., & Tan, J. Y. (Eds.). (2016). Theological Reflections on the Hong Kong Umbrella Movement. Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Solano-Aragón, C., & Castillo, O. (2015). Optimization of Benchmark Mathematical Functions Using the Firefly Algorithm with Dynamic Parameters. In O. Castillo & P. Melin (Eds.), Fuzzy Logic Augmentation of Nature-Inspired Optimization Metaheuristics: Theory and Applications (pp. 81–89). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Herbal Medicines.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 10). Pen That Lets You Draw Any Color In The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Computers: Information on the Patent and Trademark Office Automation Program (IMTEC-86-4FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson, R. S. (2008). Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, September 4). A Show That Scares With Politics, Not Just Killer Clowns. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lee & Schwarz, 2010; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Schwarz, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Jansens et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Calcinotto et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Herbal Medicines
ISSN (print)1674-6384

Other styles