How to format your references using the Chinese Herbal Medicines citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Herbal Medicines. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melançon, C. E., 3rd. (2015). Biochemistry: Elusive source of sulfur unravelled. Nature, 518(7537), 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehr, D. D., & Wright, P. E. (2008). Biochemistry. How do proteins interact? Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1429–1430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuffen, H., Smith, R., & Sammonds, P. R. (2008). Evidence for seismogenic fracture of silicic magma. Nature, 453(7194), 511–514.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
She, X., Jiang, Z., Clark, R. A., Liu, G., Cheng, Z., Tuzun, E., Church, D. M., Sutton, G., Halpern, A. L., & Eichler, E. E. (2004). Shotgun sequence assembly and recent segmental duplications within the human genome. Nature, 431(7011), 927–930.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stolarski, T. A., & Tobe, S. (2000). Rolling Contacts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bertocchi, M., Consigli, G., & Dempster, M. A. H. (Eds.). (2011). Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies (1st ed., Vol. 163). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Caravenna, F., & Dai Pra, P. (2013). Variabili aleatorie discrete: teoria. In P. Dai Pra (Ed.), Probabilità: Un’introduzione attraverso modelli e applicazioni (pp. 103–187). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Herbal Medicines.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 24). City Center Seagulls Could Help Plan Drone Flight Paths. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). National Transportation Safety Board: Observations on the Draft Business Plan for NTSB’s Training Center (GAO-07-886R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L. G. (2012). Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, February 16). Witness Cites Recipe for Toxic Air, and Debt, at Puerto Rico’s Power Company. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melançon, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Boehr & Wright, 2008; Melançon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehr & Wright, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Tuffen et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (She et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Herbal Medicines
ISSN (print)1674-6384

Other styles