How to format your references using the Chinese Herbal Medicines citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Herbal Medicines. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen, M. R. (2003). Climate forecasting: possible or probable? Nature, 425(6955), 242.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bannard, O. M., & Cyster, J. G. (2012). Immunology. When less signaling is more. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1120–1121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dorman, S. N., Viner, C., & Rogan, P. K. (2014). Splicing mutation analysis reveals previously unrecognized pathways in lymph node-invasive breast cancer. Scientific Reports, 4, 7063.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Urano, T., Saito, T., Tsukui, T., Fujita, M., Hosoi, T., Muramatsu, M., Ouchi, Y., & Inoue, S. (2002). Efp targets 14-3-3 sigma for proteolysis and promotes breast tumour growth. Nature, 417(6891), 871–875.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, A. E. (2011). Immunology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, S., Choo, H., Ha, S., & Shin, I. C. (Eds.). (2008). Computer-Human Interaction: 8th Asia-Pacific Conference, APCHI 2008 Seoul, Korea, July 6-9, 2008 Proceedings (Vol. 5068). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiśniewski, T., & Korytkowski, P. (2011). Identification of an Assessment Model for Evaluating Performance of a Manufacturing System Based on Experts Opinions. In R. Katarzyniak, T.-F. Chiu, C.-F. Hong, & N. T. Nguyen (Eds.), Semantic Methods for Knowledge Management and Communication (pp. 35–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Herbal Medicines.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, June 7). Acceptance Of Same-Sex Relationships In America Almost Quadruples In Under 25 Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Examination Into Certain Contract Costs for the E-2C Aircraft Program (B-163058). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, W. (2010). “Straight Talk” on preventing HIV program—a grant thesis project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, September 9). A Shelter Gets a Cold Shoulder In a “Pastoral” Residential Area. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Allen, 2003; Bannard & Cyster, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bannard & Cyster, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Dorman et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Urano et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Herbal Medicines
ISSN (print)1674-6384

Other styles