How to format your references using the Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gregory RL. Perceptions of knowledge. Nature. 2001;410:21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Engdahl A, Nelander B. The vibrational spectrum of H2O3. Science. 2002;295:482–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Verbeeck J, Tian H, Schattschneider P. Production and application of electron vortex beams. Nature. 2010;467:301–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Y, Gao J, Wu H, Yang S, Ding X, Wang D, et al. Strain glass transition in a multifunctional β-type Ti alloy. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3995.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chen N. Aerothermodynamics of Turbomachinery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Hakeem KR, editor. Crop Production and Global Environmental Issues. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sánchez R, Herrero Á, Corchado E. Clustering for Intrusion Detection: Network Scans as a Case of Study. In: Herrero Á, Snášel V, Abraham A, Zelinka I, Baruque B, Quintián H, et al., editors. International Joint Conference CISIS’12-ICEUTE´12-SOCO´12 Special Sessions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 33–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

Blog post
1. Carpineti C. Check Out The Totally Incredible Moment A Whale Shark Swam Past Divers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Strategies to Improve Communication Between Program and Financial Managers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 May. Report No.: 156238.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Littlefield S. Application of Discrete Event Simulation to Modeling Reliability of Highly Parallel Systems with Common Cause Failures [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. She Breaks the Mold, and Keeps On Giving. New York Times. 2016 Nov 21;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
AbbreviationAntimicrob. Resist. Infect. Control
ISSN (online)2047-2994

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