How to format your references using the Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Witze A. Meteorology: California study targets rivers in the sky. Nature. 2015;517:424–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Toggweiler JR, Russell J. Ocean circulation in a warming climate. Nature. 2008;451:286–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gutfreund Y, Zheng W, Knudsen EI. Gated visual input to the central auditory system. Science. 2002;297:1556–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Beltrán MT, Cesaroni R, Codella C, Testi L, Furuya RS, Olmi L. Infall of gas as the formation mechanism of stars up to 20 times more massive than the Sun. Nature. 2006;443:427–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Minuth WW, Strehl R, Schumacher K. Tissue Engineering. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Jaworski P, Durante F, Härdle WK, Rychlik T, editors. Copula Theory and Its Applications: Proceedings of the Workshop Held in Warsaw, 25-26 September 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bürgermeister M. Innovation Process: Flexible, Open, Non-linear. In: Böhle F, Bürgermeister M, Porschen S, editors. Innovation Management by Promoting the Informal: Artistic, Experience-based, Playful. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 41–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Griffin the Parrot Demonstrates the Ability to Share [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Staffing Implications of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System and Remote Sensing Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 May. Report No.: PSAD-80-47.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Adams TA. Improving Scores on Computerized Reading Assessments: The Effects of Colored Overlay Use [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Johnson G. Our Existentially Lucky Numbers. New York Times. 2015 Jun 23;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
AbbreviationAntimicrob. Resist. Infect. Control
ISSN (online)2047-2994

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