How to format your references using the Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. de Lozanne A. Physics. Music of the spheres at the atomic scale. Science. 2004;305:348–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Touma JR, Sridhar S. The disruption of multiplanet systems through resonance with a binary orbit. Nature. 2015;524:439–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cohen M, Shavit R, Zalevsky Z. Observing optical plasmons on a single nanometer scale. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4096.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jördens R, Strohmaier N, Günter K, Moritz H, Esslinger T. A Mott insulator of fermionic atoms in an optical lattice. Nature. 2008;455:204–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kowalick TM. Fatal Exit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. Vullo V. Rotors: Stress Analysis and Design. Vivio F, editor. Milano: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Guedes EB, de Assis FM, Medeiros RAC. Zero-Error Capacity of Quantum Channels. In: de Assis FM, Medeiros RAC, editors. Quantum Zero-Error Information Theory. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Restore Sight In Blind Mice [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Agencies’ Reporting of Mission-Critical Classified Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Aug. Report No.: AIMD-99-218.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hoffmann M. An exploratory study: Mobile device use for academics [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. Harry Belafonte Knows the Score. New York Times. 2017 Feb 3;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
AbbreviationAntimicrob. Resist. Infect. Control
ISSN (online)2047-2994

Other styles