How to format your references using the EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Knight J (2001) US rejects bioweapon inspections. Nature 412:365
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Monroe C, Kim J (2013) Scaling the ion trap quantum processor. Science 339:1164–1169
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bragg AE, Cavanagh MC, Schwartz BJ (2008) Linear response breakdown in solvation dynamics induced by atomic electron-transfer reactions. Science 321:1817–1822
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sabari BR, Dall’Agnese A, Boija A, et al (2018) Coactivator condensation at super-enhancers links phase separation and gene control. Science 361:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Voit B, Haag R, Appelhans D, Welzel PB (2016) Bio- and Multifunctional Polymer Architectures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Chen H-H, Chowdhury G (2012) The Outreach of Digital Libraries: A Globalized Resource Network: 14th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries, ICADL 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Koeszegi ST (2009) Take the Risk and Trust? The Strategic Role of Trust in Negotiations. In: Sjöstedt G, Avenhaus R (eds) Negotiated Risks: International Talks on Hazardous Issues. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 1–22

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2017) The Sexiest Way To Dance, According To Science. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/the-sexiest-way-to-dance-according-to-science/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2017) 2015 Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brake Rule: Comparison of DOT Forecasts for Selected Data Points for 2015 and 2016 to Preliminary Data for Those Years. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Martin RL (2017) Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J (2017) Alain Mabanckou. New York Times C18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Techniques and Instrumentation
AbbreviationEPJ Tech. Instrum.
ISSN (online)2195-7045
Scope

Other styles