How to format your references using the China Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2000. France finally picks Parisian site for new synchrotron. Nature 407, 119–120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chudinovskikh, L., Boehler, R., 2001. High-pressure polymorphs of olivine and the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature 411, 574–577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koechlin, E., Ody, C., Kouneiher, F., 2003. The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex. Science 302, 1181–1185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hunt, B., Pratt, E., Gadagkar, V., Yamashita, M., Balatsky, A.V., Davis, J.C., 2009. Evidence for a superglass state in solid 4He. Science 324, 632–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghavami, M., Michael, L.B., Kohno, R., 2006. Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hanaoka, F., Sugasawa, K. (Eds.), 2016. DNA Replication, Recombination, and Repair: Molecular Mechanisms and Pathology, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohamad, A.A., 2009. Meso and Macro-Scales Fluid Flow Simulations with Lattice Boltzmann Method, in: Xu, J., Wu, Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J. (Eds.), Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Court Orders Netherlands to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Standards Needed to Improve Identification of Racial and Ethnic Overrepresentation in Special Education (No. GAO-13-137). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutson, M.D., 2015. Three Essays on Macroeconomic Forecasting (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2017. Aiding and Abetting Operatic Dabblers. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2000; Chudinovskikh and Boehler, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chudinovskikh and Boehler, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hunt et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Geology
ISSN (print)2096-5192

Other styles