How to format your references using the China Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batt, C.A., 2007. Materials science. Food pathogen detection. Science 316, 1579–1580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pennycook, S.J., Kalinin, S.V., 2014. Microscopy: Hasten high resolution. Nature 515, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, H., Wen, B., Melnik, R., 2014. Relative importance of grain boundaries and size effects in thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline materials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7037.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shon, J.W., Ohta, J., Ueno, K., Kobayashi, A., Fujioka, H., 2014. Fabrication of full-color InGaN-based light-emitting diodes on amorphous substrates by pulsed sputtering. Sci. Rep. 4, 5325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Torres-Moreno, J.-M., 2014. Automatic Text Summarization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Gan, Y., Premaratne, P., Han, K. (Eds.), 2012. Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications: 7th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou,China, August 11-14. 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaplin, J., 2014. Subsidiarity and Social Pluralism, in: Evans, M., Zimmermann, A. (Eds.), Global Perspectives on Subsidiarity, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Early Signs Show Legal High Ban Is Pushing Sales From The High Street To Street Dealers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Secret Service Has More Computer Capacity Than It Needs (No. GGD-81-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey, T., 2014. The Box (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, S., 2015. High Spirits on the Intracoastal. New York Times TR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batt, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Batt, 2007; Pennycook and Kalinin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pennycook and Kalinin, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shon et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Geology
ISSN (print)2096-5192

Other styles