How to format your references using the China Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramchandani, P., 2004. A question of balance. Nature 430, 401–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snyder, M., Gerstein, M., 2003. Genomics. Defining genes in the genomics era. Science 300, 258–260.
A journal article with 3 authors
Külheim, C., Agren, J., Jansson, S., 2002. Rapid regulation of light harvesting and plant fitness in the field. Science 297, 91–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Du, L., Lei, D.Y., Yuan, G., Fang, H., Zhang, X., Wang, Q., Tang, D., Min, C., Maier, S.A., Yuan, X., 2013. Mapping plasmonic near-field profiles and interferences by surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Sci. Rep. 3, 3064.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, E., Noppe-Brandon, S., 2011. Imagination First. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Sirgy, M.J., Phillips, R., Rahtz, D. (Eds.), 2013. Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases VI, Community Quality-of-Life Indicators, Best Cases. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hull, C., Searle, B., 2007. The Impact of Equalization on Service Delivery, in: Martinez-Vazquez, J., Searle, B. (Eds.), Fiscal Equalization: Challenges in the Design of Intergovernmental Transfers. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 61–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Geology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Study Finds No Long-Term Effects Of Violent Video Games On Empathy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Air Pollution: EPA’s Efforts to Control Gasoline Vapors From Motor Vehicles (No. RCED-90-21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor, M.S., 2015. Too Close to the Knives: Children’s Rights, Parental Authority, and Best Interests in the Context of Elective Pediatric Surgeries (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Baker, P., 2017. Saudis Welcome Trump’s Rebuff Of Obama’s Views. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramchandani, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ramchandani, 2004; Snyder and Gerstein, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Snyder and Gerstein, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Du et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Geology
ISSN (print)2096-5192

Other styles