How to format your references using the China Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P., 2013. DNA: Celebrate the unknowns. Nature 496, 419–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giljohann, D.A., Mirkin, C.A., 2009. Drivers of biodiagnostic development. Nature 462, 461–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mang, P.K., Larochelle, S., Greven, M., 2003. Condensed-matter physics: spurious magnetism in high-T(c) superconductor. Nature 426, 139–40; discussion 140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghai, R., Mizuno, C.M., Picazo, A., Camacho, A., Rodriguez-Valera, F., 2013. Metagenomics uncovers a new group of low GC and ultra-small marine Actinobacteria. Sci. Rep. 3, 2471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, J.T., 2017. Corporate Fraud Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grothaus, M., 2011. Taking Your iPhone to the Max, iOS 5 Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmid, A., 2009. What Does Emergence in Computer Simulations? Simulation between Epistemological and Ontological Emergence, in: Squazzoni, F. (Ed.), Epistemological Aspects of Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences: Second International Workshop, EPOS 2006, Brescia, Italy, October 5-6, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 60–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Poo-Sniffing Detective Dogs Can Save Elusive, Rare Gorillas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Aviation Safety: Slow Progress, Uncertain Future Threaten FAA Program To Measure Safety (No. T-IMTEC-92-12). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brookman, D., 2009. Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, T. by J., 2014. Boy of Summer. New York Times MM43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2013; Giljohann and Mirkin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giljohann and Mirkin, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Geology
ISSN (print)2096-5192

Other styles