How to format your references using the China Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bascompte, J., 2009. Disentangling the web of life. Science 325, 416–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J.B., Bourillot, P.Y., 2001. Morphogen gradient interpretation. Nature 413, 797–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulathinal, R.J., Bettencourt, B.R., Hartl, D.L., 2004. Compensated deleterious mutations in insect genomes. Science 306, 1553–1554.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takeda, Y., Costa, S., Delamarre, E., Roncal, C., Leite de Oliveira, R., Squadrito, M.L., Finisguerra, V., Deschoemaeker, S., Bruyère, F., Wenes, M., Hamm, A., Serneels, J., Magat, J., Bhattacharyya, T., Anisimov, A., Jordan, B.F., Alitalo, K., Maxwell, P., Gallez, B., Zhuang, Z.W., Saito, Y., Simons, M., De Palma, M., Mazzone, M., 2011. Macrophage skewing by Phd2 haplodeficiency prevents ischaemia by inducing arteriogenesis. Nature 479, 122–126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M., 2010. From GSM to LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Coleman, P.T., 2015. Morton Deutsch: Major Texts on Peace Psychology, SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Crespo, J.M., Betarte, G., Luna, C., 2009. A Framework for the Analysis of Access Control Models for Interactive Mobile Devices, in: Berardi, S., Damiani, F., de’Liguoro, U. (Eds.), Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2008 Torino, Italy, March 26-29, 2008 Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Geology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Why Is Panda Poop Gooey In The Summertime? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 9 (No. 134157). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kory, R., 2017. Development of an educational seminar for college female athletes, coaches, athletic directors and parents on the female athlete triad (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. From the Ruins of Sarajevo to Stardom at Princeton. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bascompte, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bascompte, 2009; Gurdon and Bourillot, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurdon and Bourillot, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Takeda et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Geology
ISSN (print)2096-5192

Other styles