How to format your references using the China Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torsvik, Trond H. 2003. “Geology. The Rodinia Jigsaw Puzzle.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5624): 1379–1381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlton, Jez G., and Juan Martin-Serrano. 2007. “Parallels between Cytokinesis and Retroviral Budding: A Role for the ESCRT Machinery.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5833): 1908–1912.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, Michael, John J. Sánchez, and Stephen R. McNutt. 2005. “Periodically Triggered Seismicity at Mount Wrangell, Alaska, after the Sumatra Earthquake.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5725): 1144–1146.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Corma, Avelino, María J. Díaz-Cabañas, Joaquín Martínez-Triguero, Fernando Rey, and Jordi Rius. 2002. “A Large-Cavity Zeolite with Wide Pore Windows and Potential as an Oil Refining Catalyst.” Nature 418 (6897): 514–517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Yoon S. 2011. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tichý, Jan. 2010. Fundamentals of Piezoelectric Sensorics: Mechanical, Dielectric, and Thermodynamical Properties of Piezoelectric Materials. Edited by Jiří Erhart, Erwin Kittinger, and Jana Přívratská. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koestler, Devin C., and E. Andrés Houseman. 2015. “Model-Based Clustering of DNA Methylation Array Data.” In Computational and Statistical Epigenomics, edited by Andrew E. Teschendorff, 91–123. Translational Bioinformatics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Economic Journal.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Before-and-After Photos of Mars Reveal Largest Fresh Crater Ever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Civilian Agencies’ Management and Use of Aircraft. T-GGD-88-15. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heitz, Sarah Lindsey. 2017. “A Mindfulness Approach to Help Teachers And Staff Provide Support to High School Students: A Self-Instructional Curriculum.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil, and Sophia Kishkovsky. 2015. “Russian History Gets a Makeover That Starts With Ivan the Terrible.” New York Times, March 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torsvik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Torsvik 2003; Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007)
  • Three authors: (West, Sánchez, and McNutt 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Corma et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Economic Journal
AbbreviationChina Economic J.
ISSN (print)1753-8963
ISSN (online)1753-8971
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles