How to format your references using the China Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunter, Tony. 2013. “Retrospective. Tony Pawson (1952-2013).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6150): 1078.
A journal article with 2 authors
Droser, Mary L., and James G. Gehling. 2012. “Paleontology. Old and Groovy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6089): 1646–1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue, Han, Thorne Lay, and Keith D. Koper. 2012. “En Échelon and Orthogonal Fault Ruptures of the 11 April 2012 Great Intraplate Earthquakes.” Nature 490 (7419): 245–249.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tian, Fubo, Defang Duan, Da Li, Changbo Chen, Xiaojing Sha, Zhonglong Zhao, Bingbing Liu, and Tian Cui. 2014. “Miscibility and Ordered Structures of MgO-ZnO Alloys under High Pressure.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, Kieron, and Frederick Aardema. 2011. Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nilsson, Fredrik. 2005. Understanding Competitive Advantage: The Importance of Strategic Congruence and Integrated Control. Edited by Birger Rapp. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gnacadja, Luc, and Liesl Wiese. 2016. “Land Degradation Neutrality: Will Africa Achieve It? Institutional Solutions to Land Degradation and Restoration in Africa.” In Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture: Climate Change and Sustainability in Agriculture, edited by Rattan Lal, David Kraybill, David O. Hansen, Bal Ram Singh, Theodosy Mosogoya, and Lars Olav Eik, 61–95. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Economic Journal.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Cockatoos Learn How To Make and Use Tools From Each Other.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Fully Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars. GAO-13-297T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chima-Okereke, Onyinyechi. 2010. “The Distinct VPS35 Mutant, Env1, Exhibits Unique Protein Mislocalization and Processing Phenotype.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2002. “A Government Train To Tolstoy’s Birthplace.” New York Times, September 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunter 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hunter 2013; Droser and Gehling 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Droser and Gehling 2012)
  • Three authors: (Yue, Lay, and Koper 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tian et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Economic Journal
AbbreviationChina Economic J.
ISSN (print)1753-8963
ISSN (online)1753-8971
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles