How to format your references using the China Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lack, H. W. 2001. “Floral Tributes.” Nature 411 (6834): 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Backwell, Patricia R. Y., and Michael D. Jennions. 2004. “Animal Behaviour: Coalition among Male Fiddler Crabs.” Nature 430 (6998): 417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milward, G. C., M. J. Calderón, and P. B. Littlewood. 2005. “Electronically Soft Phases in Manganites.” Nature 433 (7026): 607–610.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhu, Xiaoli, Chang Feng, Zonghuang Ye, Yangyang Chen, and Genxi Li. 2014. “Fabrication of Magneto-Controlled Moveable Architecture to Develop Reusable Electrochemical Biosensors.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Milne, Derek. 2012. The Psychology of Retirement. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chughtai, Bilal, Alexis E. Te, and Steven A. Kaplan, eds. 2015. Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Modern Alternative to Transurethral Resection of the Prostate. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, Li, Lee Rudolph, Michael Chou, Sean Corbett, Emily Eagle, Dylan Glotzer, Jake Kramer, et al. 2013. “Configurations and Path Planning of Convex Planar Polygonal Loops.” In Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics, edited by Emilio Frazzoli, Tomas Lozano-Perez, Nicholas Roy, and Daniela Rus, 53–69. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Economic Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. “High Profile Microplastics Study Alleged Not To Be Real.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Needed on Electronic Data Exchanges. AIMD-98-124. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lemheney, Alexander J. 2014. “Design and Development of Virtual Reality Simulation for Teaching High-Risk Low-Volume Problem-Prone Office-Based Medical Emergencies.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, George. 2012. “Quantum Leaps.” New York Times, August 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lack 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lack 2001; Backwell and Jennions 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Backwell and Jennions 2004)
  • Three authors: (Milward, Calderón, and Littlewood 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Economic Journal
AbbreviationChina Economic J.
ISSN (print)1753-8963
ISSN (online)1753-8971
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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