How to format your references using the Pulmonary Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pulmonary Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Patenaude G. Climate class for business schools. Nature. 2010;466:30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pandey A, Guyot-Sionnest P. Slow electron cooling in colloidal quantum dots. Science. 2008;322:929–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rosenbaum DM, Rasmussen SGF, Kobilka BK. The structure and function of G-protein-coupled receptors. Nature. 2009;459:356–63.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mooley KP, Nakar E, Hotokezaka K, Hallinan G, Corsi A, Frail DA, et al. A mildly relativistic wide-angle outflow in the neutron-star merger event GW170817. Nature. 2018;554:207–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Onstott S. AutoCAD® and AutoCAD LT® Essentials. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Holden H. Front Tracking for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws. 2nd ed. 2015. Risebro NH, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gahbiche S, Pernelle N, Saïs F. Explaining Reference Reconciliation Decisions: A Coloured Petri Nets Based Approach. In: Guillet F, Ritschard G, Zighed DA, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Management: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pulmonary Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. What Actually Causes A Supervolcanic Eruption? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Efforts to Resolve Lenders’ Problems With Consolidations Are Under Way. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Apr. Report No.: HEHS-98-103.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Burns D. Measuring the Outcome of At-Risk Students on Biology Standardized Tests When Using Different Instructional Strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hu W. An Eyesore for 17 Years in Harlem. New York Times. 2017 Jul 16;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePulmonary Therapy
AbbreviationPulm. Ther.
ISSN (print)2364-1754
ISSN (online)2364-1746
Scope

Other styles