How to format your references using the China Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Gershon, “Malaria research tools up for the future,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6906, pp. 4–5, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. L. Altshuler and C. J. Clark, “Ecology and evolution. Darwin’s hummingbirds,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5619, pp. 588–589, Apr. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Xue, H. Qin, and B. Tang, “Trapping photons on the line: controllable dynamics of a quantum walk,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4825, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Kumar, B. Kumari, A. Srivastava, and M. Kumar, “NRfamPred: a proteome-scale two level method for prediction of nuclear receptor proteins and their sub-families,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6810, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. O. Afoakwa, Chocolate Science and Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
N. Worth and C. Dwyer, Eds., Identities and Subjectivities, vol. 4. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Fu, N. Xiao, and X. Lu, “QoS-Guaranteed Ring Replication Management with Strong Consistency,” in Advances in Web and Network Technologies, and Information Management: APWeb/WAIM 2007 International Workshops: DBMAN 2007, WebETrends 2007, PAIS 2007 and ASWAN 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings, K. C.-C. Chang, W. Wang, L. Chen, C. A. Ellis, C.-H. Hsu, A. C. Tsoi, and H. Wang, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Treating Ebola Has Focused On The Physical – But There Will Be Mental Scars Too,” IFLScience, May 27, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: DLA Should Strengthen Business Systems Modernization Architecture and Investment Activities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-01-631, Jun. 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Lutchman, “Leadership impact on turnover among power engineers in the Oil Sands of Alberta,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Herrman, “Up in Arms,” New York Times, p. MM11, Mar. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Communications
AbbreviationChina Commun.
ISSN (print)1673-5447

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