How to format your references using the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, P. A., 2002: Paleoclimate. Trans-Atlantic climate connections. Science, 296, 67–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Julius, D., and A. I. Basbaum, 2001: Molecular mechanisms of nociception. Nature, 413, 203–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mottram, D. S., B. L. Wedzicha, and A. T. Dodson, 2002: Acrylamide is formed in the Maillard reaction. Nature, 419, 448–449.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Brown, B. E., R. P. Dunne, M. S. Goodson, and A. E. Douglas, 2000: Bleaching patterns in reef corals. Nature, 404, 142–143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pozzilli, P., A. Lenzi, B. L. Clarke, and W. F. Young Jr, 2013: Imaging in Endocrinology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.
An edited book
Zeng, W., 2013: Ricci Flow for Shape Analysis and Surface Registration: Theories, Algorithms and Applications. X.D. Gu, Ed. Springer, XI, 139 p. 69 illus., 49 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, H., and Y. Kurata, 2010: Modeling Ontological Concepts of Locations with a Heterogeneous Cardinal Direction Model. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings, Y. Bi and M.-A. Williams, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 4–15.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: First Video Of Genet Spotted Riding A Black Rhino. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004: Federal Family Education Loan Program: Statutory and Regulatory Changes Could Avert Billions in Unnecessary Federal Subsidy Payments. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McMiller, B., 2010: Policy analysis on the Adoption and Safe Family Act of 1997. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017: ‘Fake’ Stars On Spotify? The Reality May Differ. New York Times, July 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2002; Julius and Basbaum 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Julius and Basbaum 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-4928
ISSN (online)1520-0469
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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