How to format your references using the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Detrick, R. S., 2000: Seafloor spreading. Portrait of a magma chamber. Nature, 406, 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armakolas, A., and A. J. S. Klar, 2007: Left-right dynein motor implicated in selective chromatid segregation in mouse cells. Science, 315, 100–101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos, N. C., W. Benz, and M. Mayor, 2005: Extrasolar planets: constraints for planet formation models. Science, 310, 251–255.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Fukasawa, M., H. Freeland, R. Perkin, T. Watanabe, H. Uchida, and A. Nishina, 2004: Bottom water warming in the North Pacific Ocean. Nature, 427, 825–827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nemethy, L., 2011: Business Exit Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Miner, E. D., 2007: Planetary Ring Systems. R.R. Wessen and J.N. Cuzzi, Eds. Praxis, XXIV, 234 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Z., Q. Ye, R. Law, and Y. Li, 2009: Automatic Detection of Subjective Sentences Based on Chinese Subjective Patterns. Cutting-Edge Research Topics on Multiple Criteria Decision Making: 20th International Conference, MCDM 2009, Chengdu/Jiuzhaigou, China, June 21-26, 2009. Proceedings, Y. Shi, S. Wang, Y. Peng, J. Li, and Y. Zeng, Eds., Communications in Computer and Information Science, Springer, 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016: How We Caught A Glimpse Of A Supermassive Black Hole Having A Meal. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003: Information Technology: Leadership Remains Key to Agencies Making Progress on Enterprise Architecture Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell, D. P., 2017: Teachers’ Perceptions of How the Use of Peer Evaluation Could Improve Their Teaching Practice. University of Maryland, College Park, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017: ‘The Cher Show’ Is Set for Broadway. New York Times, September 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Detrick 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Detrick 2000; Armakolas and Klar 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armakolas and Klar 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Fukasawa et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-4928
ISSN (online)1520-0469
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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