How to format your references using the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuhrman, J. A., 2009: Microbial community structure and its functional implications. Nature, 459, 193–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski, D., and C. Geisler, 2012: Survival analysis of faculty retention in science and engineering by gender. Science, 335, 864–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang, S. M., K. C. Meng, and M. A. Cane, 2011: Civil conflicts are associated with the global climate. Nature, 476, 438–441.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Wang, Z., and Coauthors, 2018: Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of the molecular substrates of sleep need. Nature, 558, 435–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gamenara, D., G. A. Seoane, P. Saenz-Méndez, and P. D. de María, 2012: Redox Biocatalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Lorenzi, N. M., J. S. Ash, J. Einbinder, W. McPhee, and L. Einbinder, eds., 2005: Transforming Health Care Through Information. Second Edition. Springer, XX, 266 p. 11 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Alvarez, J. A., and V. Tangpricha, 2015: Vitamin D and Bone Health. Nutrition in Cystic Fibrosis: A Guide for Clinicians, E.H. Yen and A.R. Leonard, Eds., Springer International Publishing, 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015: “Supermoon” Will Be Visible Tonight. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998: Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, B. A., 2010: The Writing Machine. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O., 2010: The Accidental Mom. New York Times, May 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuhrman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fuhrman 2009; Kaminski and Geisler 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski and Geisler 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-4928
ISSN (online)1520-0469
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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