How to format your references using the IEEE Access citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Access. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Williams, “Environmental effects of information and communications technologies,” Nature, vol. 479, no. 7373, pp. 354–358, Nov. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. L. Leathers and C. R. Olson, “In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6103, pp. 132–135, Oct. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Kim, S.-M. Park, and K.-H. Cho, “Discovery of a kernel for controlling biomolecular regulatory networks,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2223, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. A. Crooker et al., “Imaging spin transport in lateral ferromagnet/semiconductor structures,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5744, pp. 2191–2195, Sep. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Pietersen, Strategic Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
M. A. Aziz-Alaoui and C. Bertelle, Eds., From System Complexity to Emergent Properties. in Understanding Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. V. Solnick, J. L. O’rourke, P. Vandamme, and A. Lee, “The Genus Helicobacter,” in The Prokaryotes: Volume 7: Proteobacteria: Delta, Epsilon Subclass, M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, and E. Stackebrandt, Eds., New York, NY: Springer, 2006, pp. 139–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Access.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Time To Take A Sick Day: Working When Ill Is Bad For You – And Your Company,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Contractors’ Independent Research and Development Program--Issues and Alternatives,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PSAD-75-82, Jun. 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. A. Wright, “Assessing Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Project Managers Associated Through LinkedIn,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg and C. Clarey, “Tennis; Ex-Champion del Potro Gets Wild Card for U.S. Open,” New York Times, p. B13, Aug. 17, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Access
AbbreviationIEEE Access
ISSN (print)2169-3536
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering
General Materials Science

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