How to format your references using the IEEE Access citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Access. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Russo, “Putting politics back into science,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6874, pp. 4–5, Feb. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Stevens and G. Feingold, “Untangling aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in a buffered system,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7264, pp. 607–613, Oct. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. K. Rai, T. L. Jackson, and M. H. Thiemens, “Photochemical mass-independent sulfur isotopes in achondritic meteorites,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5737, pp. 1062–1065, Aug. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Schaeffer et al., “Checkers is solved,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5844, pp. 1518–1522, Sep. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. H. Gerardi, Troubleshooting the Sequencing Batch Reactor. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
J. Świątek, L. Borzemski, A. Grzech, and Z. Wilimowska, Eds., Information Systems Architecture and Technology: Proceedings of 36th International Conference on Information Systems Architecture and Technology – ISAT 2015 – Part III, 1st ed. 2016., vol. 431. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Zhou, G. Zhang, Z. Dong, S. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Tea Category Classification Based on Feed-Forward Neural Network and Two-Dimensional Wavelet Entropy,” in High Performance Computing and Applications: Third International Conference, HPCA 2015, Shanghai, China, July 26-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, J. Xie, Z. Chen, C. C. Douglas, W. Zhang, and Y. Chen, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 48–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Access.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Astronomers Spot Planet Forming,” IFLScience, Sep. 05, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Opportunity for Savings of Large Sums in Acquiring Computer Systems Under Federal Grant Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-75-34, Jul. 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. J. Ferris, “Numerical investigations of flow past a partially rotating stepped cylinder,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Chasing Abortion Rights Across the State Line,” New York Times, p. SR5, Nov. 24, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Access
AbbreviationIEEE Access
ISSN (print)2169-3536
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering
General Materials Science

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