How to format your references using the Pediatric Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nataf HC (2000) Seismology. Inner core takes another turn. Nature 405:411–412
A journal article with 2 authors
Tarlinton D, Good-Jacobson K (2013) Diversity among memory B cells: origin, consequences, and utility. Science 341:1205–1211
A journal article with 3 authors
Willner AE, Wang J, Huang H (2012) Applied physics. A different angle on light communications. Science 337:655–656
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Baum JK, Myers RA, Kehler DG, et al (2003) Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science 299:389–392

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hackshaw A (2014) A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hippe P (2009) Design of Observer-based Compensators: From the Time to the Frequency Domain. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Toth D, Brindza J, Panghyova E, Silhar S (2016) Traditional Slovak Products as Functional Foods. In: Kristbergsson K, Ötles S (eds) Functional Properties of Traditional Foods. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 75–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Nephrology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Injured Sea Turtle Gets A 3D-Printed Jaw. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) [Comments on NASA Employee’s Proposed Work Schedule]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kashyap SK (2017) Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE TRANSITION: Political Memo; Clinton, After Raising Hopes, Tries to Lower Expectations. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Nephrology
AbbreviationPediatr. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)0931-041X
ISSN (online)1432-198X
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles