How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. E. Davis, “Ordered porous materials for emerging applications,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6891, pp. 813–821, Jun. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. D. MacArthur and R. O. C. Oreffo, “Bridging the gap,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7021, p. 19, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Majumder, A. Ghatak, and A. Sharma, “Microfluidic adhesion induced by subsurface microstructures,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5848, pp. 258–261, Oct. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. D. Murray et al., “How Prometheus creates structure in Saturn’s F ring,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7063, pp. 1326–1329, Oct. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Anisman, Stress and Your Health. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
G. I. Bain, E. Itoi, G. Di Giacomo, and H. Sugaya, Eds., Normal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. D. Stauffer, C. Maggiori, A. Froidevaux, and J. Rossier, “Adaptability in Action: Using Personality, Interest, and Values Data to Help Clients Increase Their Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Career Meta-capacities,” in Psycho-social Career Meta-capacities: Dynamics of contemporary career development, M. Coetzee, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Thunder God Vine Extract Makes Obese Mice Rapidly Shed The Pounds,” IFLScience, May 27, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA: Preliminary Observations on Major Acquisition Projects and Management Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-461T, Feb. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Mullis, “The impact of the media on public opinion of the police,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “The Fencer,” New York Times, p. C8, Jul. 20, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.
ISSN (print)1531-1309
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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