How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. K. Conner, “Genetic mechanisms of floral trait correlations in a natural population,” Nature, vol. 420, no. 6914, pp. 407–410, Nov. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. J. Richerson and R. Boyd, “Migration: an engine for social change,” Nature, vol. 456, no. 7224, p. 877, Dec. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Bintanja, R. S. W. van de Wal, and J. Oerlemans, “Modelled atmospheric temperatures and global sea levels over the past million years,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7055, pp. 125–128, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Citroni, M. Ceppatelli, R. Bini, and V. Schettino, “Laser-induced selectivity for dimerization versus polymerization of butadiene under pressure,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5562, pp. 2058–2060, Mar. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Rigo, Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
P. Kielanowski, S. T. Ali, P. Bieliavsky, A. Odzijewicz, M. Schlichenmaier, and T. Voronov, Eds., Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIV Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 28 – July 4, 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. F. B. Bacellar Filho and T. S. Friedrich, “Foreign Administrative Acts in Brazil,” in Recognition of Foreign Administrative Acts, J. Rodríguez-Arana Muñoz, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 91–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Why You Should Care About Asteroid Day 2016,” IFLScience, Jun. 29, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Weather Forecasting: Radars Far Superior to Predecessors, but Location and Availability Questions Remain,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-AIMD-96-2, Oct. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. J. Blanchard, “Legato trombone: A survey of pedagogical resources,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. M. Grynbaum, “A Costly Retraction for CNN And an Opening for Trump,” New York Times, p. B1, Jun. 28, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.
ISSN (print)1531-1309
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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