How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Y. Yamamoto, “Semiconductor physics. Half-matter, half-light amplifier,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6787, pp. 629–630, Jun. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Lipson and J. B. Pollack, “Automatic design and manufacture of robotic lifeforms,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6799, pp. 974–978, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Grieco, A. J. van Noordwijk, and M. E. Visser, “Evidence for the effect of learning on timing of reproduction in blue tits,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5565, pp. 136–138, Apr. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Prochnow, R. Bransteitter, M. G. Klein, M. F. Goodman, and X. S. Chen, “The APOBEC-2 crystal structure and functional implications for the deaminase AID,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7126, pp. 447–451, Jan. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. S. Dacey, M. D. Mack, and L. B. Fiore, Your Anxious Child. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Z. Lin, Probability Inequalities. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
F. E. Harris, “Energy Computation for Exponentially Correlated Four-Body Wavefunctions,” in Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems: Conceptual and Computational Advances in Quantum Chemistry, P. Piecuch, J. Maruani, G. Delgado-Barrio, and S. Wilson, Eds., in Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, pp. 61–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “This Single Drug Will Extend The Lives Of Millions Of Pet Dogs,” IFLScience, Oct. 28, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Shuttle: Actions Needed to Better Position NASA to Sustain Its Workforce Through Retirement,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-230, Mar. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Nguyen, “Nail technician students’ awareness of some health effects of long-term exposure to chemicals used in nail salons and their understanding of health protection,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, “Serial Shoppers Who Terrorize Real Estate Agents,” New York Times, p. 144, May 14, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.
ISSN (print)1531-1309
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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