How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Kamel, “Epidemiology. Paths from pesticides to Parkinson’s,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6147, pp. 722–723, Aug. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. L. Hu and J. W. M. Bush, “Meniscus-climbing insects,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7059, pp. 733–736, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. F. Mitchell, G. R. Stoner, and J. H. Reynolds, “Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6990, pp. 410–413, May 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. R. Nallagatla, J. Hwang, R. Toroney, X. Zheng, C. E. Cameron, and P. C. Bevilacqua, “5’-triphosphate-dependent activation of PKR by RNAs with short stem-loops,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5855, pp. 1455–1458, Nov. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Hewitt, Construction Claims & Responses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
W. Bielke and C. Erbacher, Eds., Nucleic Acid Transfection, vol. 296. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Govindarajan and Lakshmanan, “Overview of Cloud Standards,” in Cloud Computing: Principles, Systems and Applications, N. Antonopoulos and L. Gillam, Eds. London: Springer, 2010, pp. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Junk Food Rats Ditch Balanced Diet To Eat Just Like Obese People,” IFLScience, 29-Aug-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Bridge Infrastructure: Matching the Resources to the Need,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-91-167, Jul. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Payan Venegas, “Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. D. Shear and M. Landler, “U.S. Withholding Its Endorsement on Climate Pact,” New York Times, p. A1, 27-May-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.
ISSN (print)1531-1309
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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