How to format your references using the Chemoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver AJ (2011) Climate change. Toward the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. Science 332:795–796
A journal article with 2 authors
Bray PS, Anderson KB (2009) Identification of Carboniferous (320 million years old) class Ic amber. Science 326:132–134
A journal article with 3 authors
Hempson GP, Archibald S, Bond WJ (2015) A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science 350:1056–1061
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tanzilli S, Tittel W, Halder M, et al (2005) A photonic quantum information interface. Nature 437:116–120

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmendinger H (2013) HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Fujino Y (2012) Wind Resistant Design of Bridges in Japan: Developments and Practices. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts J (2008) John Roberts on Hugo F. Sonnenschein. In: Jackson MO, McLennan A (eds) Foundations in Microeconomic Theory: A Volume in Honor of Hugo F. Sonnenschein. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemoecology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) 7 Psychological Phrases To Know If You’re Dating A Narcissist. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Exchange Programs: Observations on International Educational, Cultural, and Training Exchange Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney DC (2014) Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilford JN (2016) Intertwined Circles of Faith. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weaver 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bray and Anderson 2009; Weaver 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bray and Anderson 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanzilli et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemoecology
ISSN (print)0937-7409
ISSN (online)1423-0445
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles