How to format your references using the Chemoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R (2000) Older women scientists fight USGS over layoffs. US Geological Survey. Nature 404:219
A journal article with 2 authors
Marsan D, Lengliné O (2008) Extending earthquakes’ reach through cascading. Science 319:1076–1079
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang X, Xu Y, Karato S-I (2005) Water content in the transition zone from electrical conductivity of wadsleyite and ringwoodite. Nature 434:746–749
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fan Z, Wang J, Sullivan MB, et al (2014) Structural instability of epitaxial (001) BiFeO₃ thin films under tensile strain. Sci Rep 4:4631

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng KK (2009) Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gendelman HE, Ikezu T (eds) (2008) Neuroimmune Pharmacology. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Cao D (2007) Legal Speech Acts as Intersubjective Communicative Action. In: Werner W, Cao D (eds) Interpretation, Law and the Construction of Meaning: Collected Papers on Legal Interpretation in Theory, Adjudication and Political Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemoecology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Potential For A Male Contraceptive Is One Step Closer. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/potential-for-a-male-contraceptive-is-one-step-closer/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) [Request for Opinion Concerning Exchange Agreements Between Patent and Trademark Office and Private Firms]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurica ML (2012) Napping in the workplace as an invisible stigma: The moderating roles of raters’ nap habit, work ethic, and organizational policy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Saving Sturgeon, And Caviar. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2000; Marsan and Lengliné 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marsan and Lengliné 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemoecology
AbbreviationChemoecology
ISSN (print)0937-7409
ISSN (online)1423-0445
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Biochemistry

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