How to format your references using the Chemoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M (2012) Biorepositories: Building better biobanks. Nature 486:141–146
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldfine H, Vance DE (2001) Obituary: Konrad E. Bloch (1912-2000). Nature 409:779
A journal article with 3 authors
Faucher-Giguère C-A, Lidz A, Hernquist L (2008) Numerical simulations unravel the cosmic web. Science 319:52–55
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jung HW, Tschaplinski TJ, Wang L, et al (2009) Priming in systemic plant immunity. Science 324:89–91

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavagnini I, Magno F, Seraglia R, Traldi P (2006) Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Leibe B, Matas J, Sebe N, Welling M (eds) (2016) Computer Vision – ECCV 2016: 14th European Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 11-14, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cammaerts B, Bruter M, Banaji S, et al (2016) Youth Participation Beyond Voting: Volunteering and Contestation. In: Bruter M, Banaji S, Harrison S, Anstead N (eds) Youth Participation in Democratic Life: Stories of Hope and Disillusion. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 105–132

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemoecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why Mosquitoes Seem To Bite Some People More. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider Cost and Schedule. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pigott C (2016) School Resource Officers and the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Discovering Trends of Expulsions in Public Schools. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2014) Tatiana Samoilova, 80, Soviet Movie Star. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Goldfine and Vance 2001; Baker 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldfine and Vance 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jung et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemoecology
ISSN (print)0937-7409
ISSN (online)1423-0445
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles