How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Vascular Access citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Vascular Access. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith I. Chemistry. Single-molecule catalysis. Science. 2007;315(5811):470-471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiersma DS, Cavalieri S. Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser. Nature. 2001;414(6865):708-709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh D, Segal A, Voets T. Distinct modes of perimembrane TRP channel turnover revealed by TIR-FRAP. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiang L, Wang B, Ji L, Jiang H. 4-D photoacoustic tomography. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rankin J. Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Whurr Publishers Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Donati-Martin C, Lejay A, Rouault A, eds. Séminaire de Probabilités XLIII. Vol 2006. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Masutani S, Senzaki H. Assessment of Ventricular Function Using the Pressure-Volume Relationship. In: Senzaki H, Yasukochi S, eds. Congenital Heart Disease: Morphological and Functional Assessment. Springer Japan; 2015:97-126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Vascular Access.

Blog post
Luntz S. Coldest Known Star Discovered Close To Our System. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Justice ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahimi RM. Investigation of Porosity Evolution and Orthotropic Axes on Anisotropic Materials. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins A. Putin Butts In to Claim There Were No Secrets, And Says He’ll Prove It. New York Times. May 17, 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Vascular Access
ISSN (print)1552-8855
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles