How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Vascular Access citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Vascular Access. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger F. Plant sciences. Imprinting--a green variation. Science. 2004;303(5657):483-485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buluta I, Nori F. Quantum simulators. Science. 2009;326(5949):108-111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Braunschweig H, Radacki K, Schneider A. Oxoboryl complexes: boron-oxygen triple bonds stabilized in the coordination sphere of platinum. Science. 2010;328(5976):345-347.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Begum NA, Kinoshita K, Kakazu N, et al. Uracil DNA glycosylase activity is dispensable for immunoglobulin class switch. Science. 2004;305(5687):1160-1163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon MJ Jr. Total Quality Process Control for Injection Molding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Kallsen J, Papapantoleon A, eds. Advanced Modelling in Mathematical Finance: In Honour of Ernst Eberlein. Vol 189. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Schubert G, Fehske H. Quantum Percolation in Disordered Structures. In: Chakrabarti BK, Bardhan KK, Sen AK, eds. Quantum and Semi-Classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids. Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer; 2009:1-28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Vascular Access.

Blog post
Hale T. Archaeologists Think They’ve Discovered The World’s First Marijuana “Dealers.” IFLScience. Published July 20, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Gender Equity: Men’s and Women’s Participation in Higher Education. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haghighat R. An optimization model to allocate budget in school rehabilitation projects. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. A Symbol of Carefree, Innocent Fun? Not in Oyster Bay. New York Times. May 28, 2006:14LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Vascular Access
ISSN (print)1552-8855
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)

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