How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Vascular Access citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Vascular Access. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemker KJ. Materials science. Understanding how nanocrystalline metals deform. Science. 2004;304(5668):221-223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yelenik SG, D’Antonio CM. Self-reinforcing impacts of plant invasions change over time. Nature. 2013;503(7477):517-520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim D, Son SW, Jeong H. Large-scale quantitative analysis of painting arts. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7370.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Robert T, Vanoli F, Chiolo I, et al. HDACs link the DNA damage response, processing of double-strand breaks and autophagy. Nature. 2011;471(7336):74-79.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak JJ. An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Lazega E, Snijders TAB, eds. Multilevel Network Analysis for the Social Sciences: Theory, Methods and Applications. Vol 12. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nedjalkov M, Querlioz D, Dollfus P, Kosina H. Wigner Function Approach. In: Vasileska D, Goodnick SM, eds. Nano-Electronic Devices: Semiclassical and Quantum Transport Modeling. Springer; 2011:289-358.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Vascular Access.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Film Rare Sperm Whale Encounter 600 Meters Below The Gulf Of Mexico. IFLScience. Published April 16, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Bridge Program: Clearer Goals and Performance Measures Needed for a More Focused and Sustainable Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LeBlanc DC. The Relationship between Information Technology Project Manager Personality Type and Project Success. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. Cocktails to Take Off the Chill. New York Times. January 31, 2016:LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Vascular Access
ISSN (print)1552-8855
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles