How to format your references using the Chemistry and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sartorius N. Short-lived campaigns are not enough. Nature. 2010;468:163–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stocker TF, Plattner G-K. Climate policy: Rethink IPCC reports. Nature. 2014;513:163–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Vohs KD, Mead NL, Goode MR. The psychological consequences of money. Science. 2006;314:1154–1156.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Stephenson AE, DeYoreo JJ, Wu L, et al. Peptides enhance magnesium signature in calcite: insights into origins of vital effects. Science. 2008;322:724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Smith DA, van de Waterbeemd H, Walker DK. Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design: SMITH: PHARMACOKINETICS AND METABOLISM IN DRUG DESIGN O-BK. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Landry E, Rickles D, editors. Structural Realism: Structure, Object, and Causality. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Tarc P. Full-Time Teachers’ Learning. In: Clark R, Livingstone DW, Smaller H, editors. Teacher Learning and Power in the Knowledge Society. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 87–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry and Ecology.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. This Is What Your Brain Looks Like With Alzheimer’s Disease [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/animation-what-alzheimers-disease/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse: Research on Treatment May Not Address Current Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: HRD-90-114. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Crowley CJ. A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Rebooting the Dawn of Silicon Valley. New York Times. 2016 Aug 23;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry and Ecology
AbbreviationChem. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0275-7540
ISSN (online)1029-0370
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science
Ecology

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