How to format your references using the Chemistry and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wright AR. Realising Haldane’s vision for a Chern insulator in buckled lattices. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2736.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Littman DR, Singh H. Immunology. Asymmetry and immune memory. Science. 2007;315:1673–1674.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Khanna KM, McNamara JT, Lefrançois L. In situ imaging of the endogenous CD8 T cell response to infection. Science. 2007;318:116–120.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Hofmann DC, Roberts S, Otis R, et al. Developing gradient metal alloys through radial deposition additive manufacturing. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Holsclaw G. Transcending Subjects. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Chib A, May J, Barrantes R, editors. Impact of Information Society Research in the Global South. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bundgaard H, Cold GE. Studies of Regional Subdural Pressure Gradients During Craniotomy. In: Cold GE, Juul N, editors. Monitoring of Cerebral and Spinal Haemodynamics During Neurosurgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 89–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry and Ecology.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. New Study Suggests HIV-Prevention Pill May Be 100% Effective [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-study-suggests-hiv-prevention-pill-may-be-100-effective/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. DOD Dependents Schools: Enrollment Categories, Numbers, and Locations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995. Report No.: HEHS-95-149. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Whittle CM. The genomic distribution and function of NFI and histone variant H2A.Z during Caenorhabditis elegans development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Few Voters Show Up to Elect Two Democrats. New York Times. 2007 Apr 1;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry and Ecology
AbbreviationChem. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0275-7540
ISSN (online)1029-0370
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science
Ecology

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