How to format your references using the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holtz, T. R., Jr. (2014). Palaeontology: mystery of the horrible hands solved. Nature, 515(7526), 203–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thébault, E., & Fontaine, C. (2010). Stability of ecological communities and the architecture of mutualistic and trophic networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 853–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
McLeod, P., Reed, N., & Dienes, Z. (2003). Psychophysics: how fielders arrive in time to catch the ball. Nature, 426(6964), 244–245.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahn, S. J., Moon, P., Kim, T.-H., Kim, H.-W., Shin, H.-C., Kim, E. H., Cha, H. W., Kahng, S.-J., Kim, P., Koshino, M., Son, Y.-W., Yang, C.-W., & Ahn, J. R. (2018). Dirac electrons in a dodecagonal graphene quasicrystal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6404), 782–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kääriäinen, T., Cameron, D., Kääriäinen, M.-L., & Sherman, A. (2013). Atomic Layer Deposition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Magal, P., & Ruan, S. (Eds.). (2008). Structured Population Models in Biology and Epidemiology (Vol. 1936). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Raj, U., Gao, Y., Dhanakoti, S., & Sander, F. (2005). cGMP-Dependent Protein Kinase in Regulation of the Perinatal Pulmonary Circulation. In J. Bhattacharya (Ed.), Cell Signaling in Vascular Inflammation (pp. 35–45). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, December 13). Ancient Lost City Discovered Underground. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Recovery Act: States’ Use of Highway Infrastructure Funds and Compliance with the Act’s Requirements (GAO-09-926T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koonin, L. M. (2013). Acceptability of pharmacies serving as primary dispensers of antiviral drugs during an influenza pandemic: Perspectives of pharmacy executives [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, June 17). Nassau Working to Close Gap in 2008 Budget. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holtz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Holtz, 2014; Thébault & Fontaine, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thébault & Fontaine, 2010)
  • Three authors: (McLeod et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ahn et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
AbbreviationInt. J. Inj. Contr. Saf. Promot.
ISSN (print)1745-7300
ISSN (online)1745-7319
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles