How to format your references using the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nori, F. (2009). Physics. Quantum football. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 689–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joshi, N. S., & Jacks, T. (2013). Immunology. Guilty by association. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6124), 1160–1161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benton, R., Vannice, K. S., & Vosshall, L. B. (2007). An essential role for a CD36-related receptor in pheromone detection in Drosophila. Nature, 450(7167), 289–293.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schwartz, J. J., John, B. E., Cheadle, M. J., Miranda, E. A., Grimes, C. B., Wooden, J. L., & Dick, H. J. B. (2005). Dating the growth of oceanic crust at a slow-spreading ridge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5748), 654–657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls, D. L., Piergrossi, J. C., Gibertoni, C. de S., & Daniel, M. A. (2013). Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Todd, K. H., & Thomas, C. R., Jr. (Eds.). (2016). Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chase, J. G., Le Compte, A. J., Evans, A., Ward, L., Steel, J., Tan, C. S., Pretty, C. G., Penning, S., Desaive, T., & Shaw, G. M. (2012). Tight Glycemic Control in Intensive Care: From Engineering to Clinical Practice Change. In Á. Jobbágy (Ed.), 5th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering: 14–18 September 2011, Budapest, Hungary (pp. 11–14). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 14). Self-love in the animal kingdom. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy (GAO-16-661R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jorge, M. H. (2004). Relationships Among Poverty, Financial Services, Human Capital, Risk Coping, and Natural Resources: Evidence from El Salvador and Bolivia [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Himelstein, L. (2012, July 26). Like a Tupperware Party, With Punching. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nori, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Joshi & Jacks, 2013; Nori, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joshi & Jacks, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Benton et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schwartz et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
AbbreviationInt. J. Inj. Contr. Saf. Promot.
ISSN (print)1745-7300
ISSN (online)1745-7319
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles