How to format your references using the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gabuzda, D. (2014). Astrophysics: The MAD world of black holes. Nature, 510(7503), 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevenson, I. R., & Bryant, D. M. (2000). Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature, 406(6794), 366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verbiscer, A. J., Skrutskie, M. F., & Hamilton, D. P. (2009). Saturn’s largest ring. Nature, 461(7267), 1098–1100.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mazloumian, A., Helbing, D., Lozano, S., Light, R. P., & Börner, K. (2013). Global multi-level analysis of the “scientific food web.” Scientific Reports, 3, 1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGeough, J. A. (2013). The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Kothuri, R. (2007). Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g. (A. Godfrind & E. Beinat, Eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho-Yan, B., Lubitz, W. D., Ehlers, C., & Hertlein, J. (2014). Field Investigations in Cameroon Towards a More Appropriate Design of a Renewable Energy Pico Hydro System for Rural Electrification. In J.-C. Bolay, S. Hostettler, & E. Hazboun (Eds.), Technologies for Sustainable Development: A Way to Reduce Poverty? (pp. 43–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 1). How Brain Implants Can Let Paralysed People Move Again. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Drug and Alcohol Abuse: Billions Spent Annually for Treatment and Prevention Activities (No. HEHS-97-12). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L. (2009). Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser, B. (2015, September 30). Chinese Magnate Is Accused of Lying About Millions in Cash He Brought to U.S. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gabuzda, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gabuzda, 2014; Stevenson & Bryant, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevenson & Bryant, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Verbiscer, Skrutskie, & Hamilton, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mazloumian, Helbing, Lozano, Light, & Börner, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
AbbreviationInt. J. Inj. Contr. Saf. Promot.
ISSN (print)1745-7300
ISSN (online)1745-7319
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles