How to format your references using the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P. A. (2000). High-temperature superconductors. Some vortices like it hot. Nature, 406(6795), 467–468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sommer, M. A., & Wurtz, R. H. (2002). A pathway in primate brain for internal monitoring of movements. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5572), 1480–1482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, F., Lin, J.-S., & Liu, K. (2011). Steric control of the reaction of CH stretch-excited CHD3 with chlorine atom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 900–903.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Panganiban, B., Qiao, B., Jiang, T., DelRe, C., Obadia, M. M., Nguyen, T. D., Smith, A. A. A., Hall, A., Sit, I., Crosby, M. G., Dennis, P. B., Drockenmuller, E., Olvera de la Cruz, M., & Xu, T. (2018). Random heteropolymers preserve protein function in foreign environments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6381), 1239–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyce, P. M., & Lipton, D. (2013). Lamentations Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Hehenberger, P., & Bradley, D. (Eds.). (2016). Mechatronic Futures: Challenges and Solutions for Mechatronic Systems and their Designers. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Monnet, C., Klug, C., & De Baets, K. (2015). Evolutionary Patterns of Ammonoids: Phenotypic Trends, Convergence, and Parallel Evolution. In C. Klug, D. Korn, K. De Baets, I. Kruta, & R. H. Mapes (Eds.), Ammonoid Paleobiology: From macroevolution to paleogeography (pp. 95–142). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 19). 6 Surprising Downsides Of Being Extremely Intelligent. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Transportation Security Information Sharing: Results of GAO’s Survey of Stakeholder Satisfaction with TSA Products and Mechanisms (GAO-14-488SP, June 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-14-506 (GAO-14-488SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghdadi, M. (2012). A comparison of gender representation in English (EFL) and Arabic (AFL) textbooks in Iran: A critical discourse analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 17). He Licks Bats, and He Kisses His Coach. Don’t Give Him Any More Ideas. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2000; Sommer & Wurtz, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sommer & Wurtz, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Panganiban et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
AbbreviationInt. J. Inj. Contr. Saf. Promot.
ISSN (print)1745-7300
ISSN (online)1745-7319
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles