How to format your references using the Chemico-Biological Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemico-Biological Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Savage, Algae: The scum solution, Nature. 474 (2011) S15-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.S. Stappenbeck, H. Miyoshi, The role of stromal stem cells in tissue regeneration and wound repair, Science. 324 (2009) 1666–1669.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.-M. Liu, W. Chen, J. Wang, Distinguishing between cancer cell differentiation and resistance induced by all-trans retinoic acid using transcriptional profiles and functional pathway analysis, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Matsuda, K. Bebenek, C. Masutani, F. Hanaoka, T.A. Kunkel, Low fidelity DNA synthesis by human DNA polymerase-eta, Nature. 404 (2000) 1011–1013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Derbyshire, Nutrition in the Childbearing Years, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 2011.
An edited book
R.L. Randall, ed., Metastatic Bone Disease: An Integrated Approach to Patient Care, 1st ed. 2016, Springer, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Manente, V. Minghetti, E. Mingotto, The Analysis of European Reporting Systems for Responsible Tourism and CSR, in: V. Minghetti, E. Mingotto (Eds.), Responsible Tourism and CSR: Assessment Systems for Sustainable Development of SMEs in Tourism, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 33–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemico-Biological Interactions.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Australia’s ‘Other’ Reef Is Worth More Than $10 Billion A Year - But Have You Heard Of It?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Better Criteria Needed for Awarding Grants for School Desegregation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.O. Dean, A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Where the Artists Have Superpowers, New York Times. (2012) BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemico-Biological Interactions
AbbreviationChem. Biol. Interact.
ISSN (print)0009-2797
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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