How to format your references using the Chemico-Biological Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemico-Biological Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Robock, Pinatubo eruption. The climatic aftermath, Science. 295 (2002) 1242–1244.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.K. Badman, J.S. Flier, The gut and energy balance: visceral allies in the obesity wars, Science. 307 (2005) 1909–1914.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Lin, A.C. Clark, M.H.W. Chan, Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition, Nature. 449 (2007) 1025–1028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. van Praag, A.F. Schinder, B.R. Christie, N. Toni, T.D. Palmer, F.H. Gage, Functional neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus, Nature. 415 (2002) 1030–1034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Zink, Scalable Video on Demand, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England, 2005.
An edited book
C.P. Cannon, W.F. Peacock, eds., Short Stay Management of Chest Pain, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
S.-J. Shin, Quantifiers Are Logical Constants, but Only Ambiguously, in: A. Torza (Ed.), Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers: Themes in Logic, Metaphysics, and Language, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemico-Biological Interactions.

Blog post
J. Fang, Pufferfishes Aren’t Holding Their Breath When They’re Inflated, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Concerning the Reauthorization of Aviation Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. Hebel, Parental involvement in the individual educational program for Israeli students with disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Candaele, Caminiti’s Baseball Legacy, New York Times. (2004) 811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemico-Biological Interactions
AbbreviationChem. Biol. Interact.
ISSN (print)0009-2797
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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