How to format your references using the Chemico-Biological Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemico-Biological Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. McLeish, Chemistry. Polymers without beginning or end, Science. 297 (2002) 2005–2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.F. Galloway, J.R. Etterson, Transgenerational plasticity is adaptive in the wild, Science. 318 (2007) 1134–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.P. Blomster, H. Neff, M.D. Glascock, Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis, Science. 307 (2005) 1068–1072.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.M. Clark, X. Xu, C.A. Forster, Y. Wang, A Middle Jurassic “sphenosuchian” from China and the origin of the crocodylian skull, Nature. 430 (2004) 1021–1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.S. Dacey, M.D. Mack, L.B. Fiore, Your Anxious Child, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
T. Vardanega, A. Wellings, eds., Reliable Software Technology – Ada-Europe 2005: 10th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, York, UK, June 20-24, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Kiayias, S. Pehlivanoglu, Trace and Revoke Schemes, in: S. Pehlivanoglu (Ed.), Encryption for Digital Content, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 151–169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemico-Biological Interactions.

Blog post
B. Taub, Vote For Your Favorite In The Wildlife Photographer Of The Year People’s Choice Award, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Joint Planning and Development Office: Progress and Key Issues in Planning the Transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.C. Okafor-Dike, The effect of leadership on economic development: A case study of Nigeria, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.R. Gordon, How the President Wrongly Blamed The Times for a Terrorist’s Survival, New York Times. (2017) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemico-Biological Interactions
AbbreviationChem. Biol. Interact.
ISSN (print)0009-2797
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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