How to format your references using the Chemico-Biological Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemico-Biological Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.A. Fiete, Physics. How do you want that insulator?, Science. 332 (2011) 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.K. Reck, T.E. Graedel, Challenges in metal recycling, Science. 337 (2012) 690–695.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Rhee, L. Polak, E. Fuchs, Lhx2 maintains stem cell character in hair follicles, Science. 312 (2006) 1946–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.W.A. Kuijpers, D. van Eck, M.F. Kemmere, J.T.F. Keurentjes, Cavitation-induced reactions in high-pressure carbon dioxide, Science. 298 (2002) 1969–1971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building, Code of Practice for Programme Management in the Built Environment, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
D.L. Mayers, ed., Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms of Drug Resistance, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Isken, A. Hein, Continuous Geriatric Assessments Supported by a Mobile Service Robot: Movement Analysis, in: R. Wichert, H. Klausing (Eds.), Ambient Assisted Living: 8. AAL-Kongress 2015,Frankfurt/M, April 29-30. April, 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemico-Biological Interactions.

Blog post
J. Fang, NASA’s New Horizons Readies for This Summer’s Pluto Flyby, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.M. Coughenour, Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, A Cafe That Caters, New York Times. (2009) NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemico-Biological Interactions
AbbreviationChem. Biol. Interact.
ISSN (print)0009-2797
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles