How to format your references using the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Garwood R. Uprooting researchers can drive them out of science. Nature 2014;510:313.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Roman J, Palumbi SR. Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic. Science 2003;301:508–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Morford SL, Houlton BZ, Dahlgren RA. Increased forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen storage from nitrogen rich bedrock. Nature 2011;477:78–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gupta P, Dongare PD, Grover S, Dubey S, Mamgain H, Bhattacharya A, et al. A facile process for soak-and-peel delamination of CVD graphene from substrates using water. Sci Rep 2014;4:3882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sinaiski EG. Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Matera M, Rossi G, editors. Trends in Mobile Web Information Systems: MobiWIS 2013 International Workshops, Paphos, Cyprus, August 26-28, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 183. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Davenport M. Shock. In: Sinha CK, Davenport M, editors. Handbook of Pediatric Surgery, London: Springer; 2010, p. 25–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. New Extremely Red Quasar Population Is Something Never Seen Before. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-extremely-red-quasar-population-is-something-never-seen-before/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Customs and INS: Information on Inspection, Infrastructure, Traffic Flow, and Security Matters at the Detroit Port of Entry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
White AE. Female ministers in pastoral leadership: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shpigel B. Reviving World Cup Hopes Out of Thin Air. New York Times 2017:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Hydrogen Energy
ISSN (print)0360-3199
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles