How to format your references using the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bronner-Fraser M. Development. Making sense of the sensory lineage. Science 2004;303:966–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
de Vernal A, Hillaire-Marcel C. Natural variability of Greenland climate, vegetation, and ice volume during the past million years. Science 2008;320:1622–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Houchmandzadeh B, Wieschaus E, Leibler S. Establishment of developmental precision and proportions in the early Drosophila embryo. Nature 2002;415:798–802.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Amico L, Aghamalyan D, Auksztol F, Crepaz H, Dumke R, Kwek LC. Superfluid qubit systems with ring shaped optical lattices. Sci Rep 2014;4:4298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Borgen UJ, Nakrem HA. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Ahlert D. Vertical Price Coordination and Brand Care: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Prohibition of Resale Price Maintenance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Genz A, Bretz F. Methods That Approximate the Integral. In: Bretz F, editor. Computation of Multivariate Normal and t Probabilities, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 29–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Climate Change Means We Can’t Keep Living (And Working) In Glass Houses. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Army ADP: Prevalence of Fourth Quarter Obligations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Emerson JD. The Jambalaya That is My Brain. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. Behind the White Glasses. New York Times 2017:C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Hydrogen Energy
ISSN (print)0360-3199
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles