How to format your references using the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Draaisma D. The tracks of thought. Nature 2001;414:153.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nielsen T, Kuijpers A. Only 5 southern Greenland shelf edge glaciations since the early Pliocene. Sci Rep 2013;3:1875.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Prieto MA, Brunetti G, Mack K-H. Particle accelerators in the hot spots of radio galaxy 3C 445, imaged with the VLT. Science 2002;298:193–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Vos M, Birkett PJ, Birch E, Griffiths RI, Buckling A. Local adaptation of bacteriophages to their bacterial hosts in soil. Science 2009;325:833.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Freeman RL. Fundamentals of Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
De Cecco CN, Laghi A, Schoepf UJ, Meinel FG, editors. Dual Energy CT in Oncology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang S, Sun C, He Z. ListMerge: Accelerating Top-k Aggregation Queries Over Large Number of Lists. In: Navathe SB, Wu W, Shekhar S, Du X, Wang SX, Xiong H, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 21st International Conference, DASFAA 2016, Dallas, TX, USA, April 16-19, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Delayed Or Killed, Keystone Pipeline Will Live On As Political Touchstone. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Follow Through: Lessons Learned From Its Evaluation and Need To Improve Its Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McKenzie RA. A correlational study of servant leadership and teacher job satisfaction in a public education institution. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Megalogenis G. Australia’s leftward turn. New York Times 2017:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Hydrogen Energy
ISSN (print)0360-3199
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles