How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Tsapatsis, “Materials science. Toward high-throughput zeolite membranes,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6057, pp. 767–768, Nov. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Nunes and R. D. Norris, “Abrupt reversal in ocean overturning during the Palaeocene/Eocene warm period,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7072, pp. 60–63, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. L. Bernasconi, E. Traggiai, and A. Lanzavecchia, “Maintenance of serological memory by polyclonal activation of human memory B cells,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5601, pp. 2199–2202, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. J. Starai, I. Celic, R. N. Cole, J. D. Boeke, and J. C. Escalante-Semerena, “Sir2-dependent activation of acetyl-CoA synthetase by deacetylation of active lysine,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5602, pp. 2390–2392, Dec. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. G. Thomas, Greece. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
M. L. Lapidus, Fractal Geometry, Complex Dimensions and Zeta Functions: Geometry and Spectra of Fractal Strings. New York, NY: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
J. N. Williams, “Human Population and the Hotspots Revisited: A 2010 Assessment,” in Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas, F. E. Zachos and J. C. Habel, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Years Of fMRI Research May Be Wrong,” IFLScience, Jul. 07, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Grant Programs: Design Features Shape Flexibility, Accountability, and Performance Information,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-98-137, Jun. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Mylonas, “‘Women are the pillars of the family’: Athenian women’s survival strategies during economic crisis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
S. Chumsky, “Two Legacies, Now Home to Roost,” New York Times, p. E1, Oct. 10, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph.
ISSN (print)1077-2626
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Signal Processing

Other styles