How to format your references using the Vascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Patterson W. Fifty years of hopes and fears. Nature 2007; 449: 664.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jakob M, Hilaire J. Climate science: Unburnable fossil-fuel reserves. Nature 2015; 517: 150–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Anuar TS, Salleh FM, Moktar N. Soil-transmitted helminth infections and associated risk factors in three Orang Asli tribes in Peninsular Malaysia. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4101.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Reguera G, McCarthy KD, Mehta T, et al. Extracellular electron transfer via microbial nanowires. Nature 2005; 435: 1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lhabitant F-S. Hedge Funds. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
1.
Spotts HE (ed). Creating and Delivering Value in Marketing: Proceedings of the 2003 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gazonas GA, Main JA. Air Blast Loading of Cellular Media. In: Gdoutos EE (ed) Experimental Analysis of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 1–6, 2007. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007, pp. 11–12.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. How Much Radiation Damage Do Astronauts Really Suffer In Space? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Statistical Agencies: A Comparison of the U.S. and Canadian Statistical Systems. GGD-96-142, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 August 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Starr MJ. Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justices Curb States’ Immunity From Suit. New York Times, 24 January 2006, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Medicine
AbbreviationVasc. Med.
ISSN (print)1358-863X
ISSN (online)1477-0377
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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