How to format your references using the Vascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jasanoff S. Technologies of humility. Nature 2007; 450: 33.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoefel F, Elgar S. Wave-induced sediment transport and sandbar migration. Science 2003; 299: 1885–1887.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ren A, Rajashankar KR, Patel DJ. Fluoride ion encapsulation by Mg2+ ions and phosphates in a fluoride riboswitch. Nature 2012; 486: 85–89.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Kühnle A, Linderoth TR, Hammer B, et al. Chiral recognition in dimerization of adsorbed cysteine observed by scanning tunnelling microscopy. Nature 2002; 415: 891–893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Saliba AJ, Corona JC, Johnson KE. Option Spread Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1.
Aiello M, Johnsen EB, Dustdar S, et al. (eds). Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: 5th IFIP WG 2.14 European Conference, ESOCC 2016, Vienna, Austria, September 5-7, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fujita T, Ichikawa J. Syntheses, Properties, and Applications of Fluorinated Isoquinolines. In: Nenajdenko V (ed) Fluorine in Heterocyclic Chemistry Volume 2: 6-Membered Heterocycles. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 181–210.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Physicists say Interstellar Should be Shown in School Classrooms. IFLScience, https://www.iflscience.com/space/interstellar-should-be-shown-school-classrooms/ (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Close Air Support: Airborne Controllers in High-Threat Areas May Not Be Needed. NSIAD-90-116, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 4 April 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Abuzainab N. Energy and security aspects of wireless networks: Performance and tradeoffs. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly K. At Goldman, Dim Results For Trading In Early 2017. New York Times, 19 April 2017, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Medicine
AbbreviationVasc. Med.
ISSN (print)1358-863X
ISSN (online)1477-0377
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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