How to format your references using the Bioarchitecture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchitecture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris JW Jr. Materials science. Stronger, tougher steels. Science 2008; 320:1022–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yeston J, Coontz R. Industrial chemistry. Chemistry writ large. Introduction. Science 2009; 325:691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lourens LJ, Wehausen R, Brumsack HJ. Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature 2001; 409:1029–33.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Favors Z, Wang W, Bay HH, George A, Ozkan M, Ozkan CS. Stable cycling of SiO₂ nanotubes as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzinski J, Abu-Rub H, Strankowski P. Variable Speed AC Drives with Inverter Output Filters. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Trombetta C, Liguori G, Bertolotto M, editors. Management of Gender Dysphoria: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ifenthaler D. Learning with the Simpleshow. In: Isaías P, Spector JM, Ifenthaler D, Sampson DG, editors. E-Learning Systems, Environments and Approaches: Theory and Implementation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. page 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchitecture.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Galileo, Europe’s Answer To GPS, Just Went Online [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Infrastructure: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tornes IE. Topics in the Physics of Underdamped Josephson Systems. 2006;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. For Seventh Street, a Love Letter on Film. New York Times2003; :146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchitecture
ISSN (print)1949-0992
ISSN (online)1949-100X
ScopeCell Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine

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