How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.W. Keith, Why capture CO2 from the atmosphere?, Science. 325 (2009) 1654–1655.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Swinnen, P. Squicciarini, Global food supply. Mixed messages on prices and food security, Science. 335 (2012) 405–406.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Alfe, M.J. Gillan, G.D. Price, Constraints on the composition of the Earth’s core from ab initio calculations, Nature. 405 (2000) 172–175.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Adachi, M. Kajino, Y. Zaizen, Y. Igarashi, Emission of spherical cesium-bearing particles from an early stage of the Fukushima nuclear accident, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Levin, Implementing the Wealth Management Index, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
O. Calin, Geometric Mechanics on Riemannian Manifolds: Applications to Partial Differential Equations, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Massera, M.L. Miglietta, T. Polichetti, G. Di Francia, F. Borbone, L. Ricciotti, S. Pappalardo, A. Roviello, Poly[3-(4-Alkoxyphenyl)thiophenes] Based Chemical Sensors, in: G. Neri, N. Donato, A. d’Amico, C. Di Natale (Eds.), Sensors and Microsystems: AISEM 2010 Proceedings, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 43–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism.

Blog post
J. Davis, Stem Cells From Pregnant Women Could Reverse Aging In Bones, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Batteries and Energy Storage: Federal Initiatives Supported Similar Technologies and Goals but Had Key Differences, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.J. Eutz, The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, End of an Era Looms as Waldorf Astoria Prepares to Close for Renovations, New York Times. (2017) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Metab.
ISSN (print)1096-7192
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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