How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. van de Walle, Melting Mechanisms. Simulations provide a rare look at real melting, Science. 346 (2014) 704–705.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.S. Ghabrial, M.A. Krasnow, Social interactions among epithelial cells during tracheal branching morphogenesis, Nature. 441 (2006) 746–749.
A journal article with 3 authors
F.C. Santos, M.D. Santos, J.M. Pacheco, Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games, Nature. 454 (2008) 213–216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, M.H.G. de Miranda, A. Pe’er, B. Neyenhuis, J.J. Zirbel, S. Kotochigova, P.S. Julienne, D.S. Jin, J. Ye, A high phase-space-density gas of polar molecules, Science. 322 (2008) 231–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Peters, D. Glasser, D. Hildebrandt, S. Kauchali, Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
J.H. Klippel, J.H. Stone, L.J. Crofford, P.H. White, eds., The Pocket Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases, Second Edition, Springer, London, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
H.-J. Ebermann, G. Fahnenbruck, Stress, in: H.-J. Ebermann, J. Scheiderer (Eds.), Human Factors on the Flight Deck: Safe Piloting Behaviour in Practice, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 113–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism.

Blog post
J. Fang, Pizzlies and Other Hybrids Won’t Become More Common With Climate Change, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.K. Hong, Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Lipton, B. Protess, A.W. Lehren, Raft of Potential Conflicts In President’s Appointees, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Metab.
ISSN (print)1096-7192
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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