How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.E. Hoffman, Physics. Sign flips and spin fluctuations in iron high-Tc superconductors, Science. 328 (2010) 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.D. Bradshaw, D.W. Schemske, Allele substitution at a flower colour locus produces a pollinator shift in monkeyflowers, Nature. 426 (2003) 176–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Moree, S. Ewart, C. Diggs, Strength in unity, Nature. 430 (2004) 938–939.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Politi, M.J. Cryan, J.G. Rarity, S. Yu, J.L. O’Brien, Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits, Science. 320 (2008) 646–649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Knowles, 150 Contractual Problems and their Solutions, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
R.J. Gatchel, I.Z. Schultz, eds., Handbook of Occupational Health and Wellness, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Adhikari, J. Adhikari, Mining Association Rules Induced by Item and Quantity Purchased, in: J. Adhikari (Ed.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery in Databases, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism.

Blog post
J. Fang, First Possible Exomoon Found, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electronic Government: Funding of the Office of Management and Budget’s Initiatives, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Fengler, Everyday Aesthetics and the Environmental Significance of Everyday Aesthetics: A High School Art Unit of Instruction Promoting Positive Attitudinal Changes towards the Environment, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Judging Draws Renewed Scrutiny, New York Times. (2014) B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Metab.
ISSN (print)1096-7192
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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