How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.D. Rowley, Genetics. A story of swapped ends, Science. 340 (2013) 1412–1413.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.A. Kaib, T. Quinn, Reassessing the source of long-period comets, Science. 325 (2009) 1234–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Hayashi, S.M.C. de Sousa Lopes, M.A. Surani, Germ cell specification in mice, Science. 316 (2007) 394–396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Messenger, L.P. Keller, F.J. Stadermann, R.M. Walker, E. Zinner, Samples of stars beyond the solar system: silicate grains in interplanetary dust, Science. 300 (2003) 105–108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.J. Rider, Design and Analysis of Mechanisms, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
G. Hon, J. Schickore, F. Steinle, eds., Going Amiss In Experimental Research, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Williams, SDynamic Force Spectroscopy with the Atomic Force Microscope, in: A. Noy (Ed.), Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008: pp. 143–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Super-Earth Discovered Around Nearby Red Dwarf Star, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, President’s Fifth Special Message for FY 1983, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.S. Nevitt, Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Williams, Eleanor’s Encouragement, New York Times. (2017) BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Metab.
ISSN (print)1096-7192
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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