How to format your references using the International Journal of Science Education, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Science Education, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trounson, A. (2012). Keith H. Campbell (1954-2012). Nature, 491(7423), 193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alperin, M., & Hoehler, T. (2010). Biogeochemistry. The ongoing mystery of sea-floor methane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5989), 288–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cannistraci, C. V., Alanis-Lobato, G., & Ravasi, T. (2013). From link-prediction in brain connectomes and protein interactomes to the local-community-paradigm in complex networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 1613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nelson, G., Chandrashekar, J., Hoon, M. A., Feng, L., Zhao, G., Ryba, N. J. P., & Zuker, C. S. (2002). An amino-acid taste receptor. Nature, 416(6877), 199–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, T. F. (2008). Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reddy, N. (2015). Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources (Y. Yang, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Malik, S. (2012). Runtime Verification: A Computer Architecture Perspective. In S. Khurshid & K. Sen (Eds.), Runtime Verification: Second International Conference, RV 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA, September 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 49–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Science Education, Part B.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, December 12). New Evidence Claims To Support Alternative Theory Of Gravity. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). FTS 2001: Contract Transition Delays and Their Impact on Program Goals (GAO-01-544T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bockler, T. (2014). Legal advocacy program for low-income children with disabilities: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, November 9). Cuban Comfort. New York Times, NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trounson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Alperin & Hoehler, 2010; Trounson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alperin & Hoehler, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Cannistraci et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nelson et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Science Education, Part B
ISSN (print)2154-8455
ISSN (online)2154-8463

Other styles