How to format your references using the International Journal of Science Education, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Science Education, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K. (2002). Does travel broaden the scientific mind? Nature, 419(6908), 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger, C., & Hastings, A. (2013). Tipping points: From patterns to predictions. Nature, 493(7431), 157–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bao, S., Chan, V. T., & Merzenich, M. M. (2001). Cortical remodelling induced by activity of ventral tegmental dopamine neurons. Nature, 412(6842), 79–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Groffen, A. J., Martens, S., Díez Arazola, R., Cornelisse, L. N., Lozovaya, N., de Jong, A. P. H., Goriounova, N. A., Habets, R. L. P., Takai, Y., Borst, J. G., Brose, N., McMahon, H. T., & Verhage, M. (2010). Doc2b is a high-affinity Ca2+ sensor for spontaneous neurotransmitter release. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5973), 1614–1618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu, L.-Y., & Wang, W. (2017). Microfluidics for Advanced Functional Polymeric Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Vardanega, T., & Wellings, A. (Eds.). (2005). Reliable Software Technology – Ada-Europe 2005: 10th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, York, UK, June 20-24, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3555). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zheltikov, A., LʼHuillier, A., & Krausz, F. (2012). Nonlinear Optics. In F. Träger (Ed.), Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (pp. 161–251). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Science Education, Part B.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 3). Researchers Closer To Using Light Instead of Wires In Computers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Education and Employment Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-96 (IAP-95-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, D. E. (2010). How personality traits and job satisfaction influence service quality in housing agencies [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., Hale, M., Genzlinger, N., & Lyons, M. (2016, December 28). An Hour, or Less, That Stood Out. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Boettiger & Hastings, 2013; Kreeger, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boettiger & Hastings, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Bao et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Groffen et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Science Education, Part B
ISSN (print)2154-8455
ISSN (online)2154-8463

Other styles