How to format your references using the International Journal of Science Education, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Science Education, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2003). Policy-makers in many areas need input from scientists to help them make sound decisions. Nature, 422(6930), 452–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liberles, S. D., & Buck, L. B. (2006). A second class of chemosensory receptors in the olfactory epithelium. Nature, 442(7103), 645–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glaser, A., Barak, B., & Goldston, R. J. (2014). A zero-knowledge protocol for nuclear warhead verification. Nature, 510(7506), 497–502.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ungless, M. A., Whistler, J. L., Malenka, R. C., & Bonci, A. (2001). Single cocaine exposure in vivo induces long-term potentiation in dopamine neurons. Nature, 411(6837), 583–587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halstead, P. (2014). Two Oxen Ahead. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Richt, J. A., & Webby, R. J. (Eds.). (2013). Swine Influenza (Vol. 370). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barretto, N., Jukneliene, D., Ratia, K., Chen, Z., Mesecar, A. D., & Baker, S. C. (2006). Deubiquitinating Activity of the SARS-CoV Papain-Like Protease. In S. Perlman & K. V. Holmes (Eds.), The Nidoviruses: Toward Control of SARS and other Nidovirus Diseases (pp. 37–41). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Science Education, Part B.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 16). The Vaccine Safety Challenge Is Beyond Stupid. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Relocation of the Western Executive Seminar Center (No. 126499). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obidos, C. (2015). Attitudes toward and knowledge of advance directives: A quantitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loewenstein, G., & Ubel, P. (2010, July 15). Economics Behaving Badly. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2003; Liberles & Buck, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liberles & Buck, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Glaser et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ungless et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Science Education, Part B
ISSN (print)2154-8455
ISSN (online)2154-8463

Other styles