How to format your references using the International Journal of Science Education, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Science Education, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berlin, A. (2013). Microbiology. No barriers to cellulose breakdown. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6165), 1454–1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, B. H., & Kwon, J. W. (2014). Plasmon-assisted radiolytic energy conversion in aqueous solutions. Scientific Reports, 4, 5249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoh, N., Nakashima, T., & Yamamoto, K. (2013). Metastability of anatase: size dependent and irreversible anatase-rutile phase transition in atomic-level precise titania. Scientific Reports, 3, 1959.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Waller, R. F., Keeling, P. J., van Dooren, G. G., & McFadden, G. I. (2003). Comment on “A green algal apicoplast ancestor.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5629), 49; author reply 49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore, R. G., & Garland, A. (2008). Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Singh, A., & Devine, M. (Eds.). (2013). Rural Transformation and Newfoundland and Labrador Diaspora: Grandparents, Grandparenting, Community and School Relations. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Keichidi, M., & Frigant, V. (2007). From Specialization to Specification. In Y. Dupuy, V. Frigant, J. P. Gilly, M. Keichidi, M. Lacalle Calderón, J. L. Osuna Llaneza, … J. Alfonso-Gil (Eds.), European Aeronautics: The Southwestern Axis (pp. 75–142). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Science Education, Part B.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 31). NASA observations put on hold while the moon photobombs the sun. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). National Airspace System: FAA Has Implemented Some Free Flight Initiatives, but Challenges Remain (No. RCED-98-246). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urshel, C. L. (2006). The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, May 1). Court Backs Police Officers In Chase That Hurt Driver. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berlin, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Berlin, 2013; Kim & Kwon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Kwon, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Satoh, Nakashima, & Yamamoto, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Waller, Keeling, van Dooren, & McFadden, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Science Education, Part B
ISSN (print)2154-8455
ISSN (online)2154-8463

Other styles