How to format your references using the Journal of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nattel S (2002) New ideas about atrial fibrillation 50 years on. Nature 415:219–226
A journal article with 2 authors
Kourra CMBK, Cramer N (2015) Catalysis: Gold unleashes the power of three. Nature 517:440–441
A journal article with 3 authors
Mulligan CJ, Kitchen A, Miyamoto MM (2006) Comment on “Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals.” Science 314:1390
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang N, Dong S, Fu Z, et al (2014) Phase transition and phase separation in multiferroic orthorhombic Dy(1-x)Ho(x)MnO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). Sci Rep 4:6506

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji P, Pal SK (2012) Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Edge CS (2010) Beginning Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server: From Solo Install to Enterprise Integration. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Tanaka T, Fujii K (2015) Describing Global Musical Structures by Integer Programming on Musical Patterns. In: Collins T, Meredith D, Volk A (eds) Mathematics and Computation in Music: 5th International Conference, MCM 2015, London, UK, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 52–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Global Warming Could Smash Paris Agreement Target Of 1.5°C In Just 9 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Student Financial Aid: Data Not Fully Utilized to Identify Inappropriately Awarded Loans and Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaPoint JL (2008) The effects of aviation -based error management training on perioperative safety attitudes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2014) A Tumor, the Embryo’s Evil Twin. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nattel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nattel 2002; Kourra and Cramer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kourra and Cramer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0022-1155
ISSN (online)0975-8402
ScopeFood Science

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