How to format your references using the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whiten A., Nature, 514, 178–179 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Dresselhaus M. S., Thomas I. L., Nature, 414, 332–337 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Snellen I. A. G., de Mooij E. J. W., Albrecht S., Nature, 459, 543–545 (2009).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuijpers M. W. A., van Eck D., Kemmere M. F., Keurentjes J. T. F., Science, 298, 1969–1971 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bradford R., “Is Shakespeare Any Good?,” John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
“Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century,” ed. by Zhu, Xudong, Zeichner, Kenneth, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman B. J., Lim H. W., Wang S. Q., “Principles and Practice of Photoprotection,” ed. by Wang, Steven Q., Lim, Henry W., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, pp.61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew E., “Explainer: What Is 4D Printing?”: <>, cited 30 October, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Infrastructure: Implementation of Funding Flexibility Under ISTEA and Use of Transportation Control Measures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burg C. A., Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B., Some Friends Just Aren’t Huggers, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
AbbreviationChem. Pharm. Bull. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)0009-2363
ISSN (online)1347-5223
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles