How to format your references using the Atherosclerosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atherosclerosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Reichhardt, NASA review leaves projects on launch pad. National Aeronautics & Space Administration, Nature. 403 (2000) 583.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Rampino, K. Caldeira, Comment on “Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province,” Science. 334 (2011) 594; author reply 594.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Yuan, Z. Fu, S. Liu, Extracting climate memory using Fractional Integrated Statistical Model: a new perspective on climate prediction, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Soucek, J. Whitfield, C.P. Martins, A.J. Finch, D.J. Murphy, N.M. Sodir, A.N. Karnezis, L.B. Swigart, S. Nasi, G.I. Evan, Modelling Myc inhibition as a cancer therapy, Nature. 455 (2008) 679–683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Casadella, Z. Liu, D. Uzunidis, Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
H.-M. Wang, Physical Layer Security in Random Cellular Networks, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Tiihonen, M. Raatikainen, V. Myllärniemi, T. Männistö, Carrying Ideas from Knowledge-Based Configuration to Software Product Lines, in: G.M. Kapitsaki, E. Santana de Almeida (Eds.), Software Reuse: Bridging with Social-Awareness: 15th International Conference, ICSR 2016, Limassol, Cyprus, June 5-7, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 55–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atherosclerosis.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Scientists Make Hilarious Proofreading Error, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Equal Employment Opportunity: Actions Needed for FAA to Implement Committee Recommendations in the Airline Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.M. Lee, Examining the socially responsible leadership development outcomes of study abroad experiences for college seniors, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Otis, Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity, New York Times. (2016) A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtherosclerosis
ISSN (print)0021-9150
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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