How to format your references using the Atherosclerosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atherosclerosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Nogrady, Neurobiology: life beyond the pain, Nature. 515 (2014) S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.T. Zuber, I. Garrick-Bethell, Planetary science. What do we need to know to land on the Moon again?, Science. 310 (2005) 983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
V.N. Manoharan, M.T. Elsesser, D.J. Pine, Dense packing and symmetry in small clusters of microspheres, Science. 301 (2003) 483–487.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N.M. Dixit, J.E. Layden-Almer, T.J. Layden, A.S. Perelson, Modelling how ribavirin improves interferon response rates in hepatitis C virus infection, Nature. 432 (2004) 922–924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.P. Ryan, Modern Engineering Statistics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
S. Sorooshian, K.-L. Hsu, E. Coppola, B. Tomassetti, M. Verdecchia, G. Visconti, eds., Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle: Coupling the Atmospheric and Hydrological Models, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Hommes, Heterogeneous Agent Models: two simple examples, in: M. Lines (Ed.), Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Economics, Springer, Vienna, 2005: pp. 131–164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atherosclerosis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Modifying Mosquitoes To Stop Transmission Of Dengue Fever, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Default Rates on Federal Student Loans, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Z. Daczo, Wage inequality and the gender wage gap: Are American women swimming upstream?, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Daddy’s Dreams, Recast by His Girls, New York Times. (2016) C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtherosclerosis
ISSN (print)0021-9150
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles