How to format your references using the ChemEngineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemEngineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cortada, X. Genome-Sequencing Anniversary. Painting the Genome for the Public. Science 2011, 331, 548.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machlis, G.E.; McNutt, M.K. Disasters. Scenario-Building for the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Science 2010, 329, 1018–1019.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miles, M.A.; Yeo, M.; Mauricio, I.L. Genetics. Leishmania Exploit Sex. Science 2009, 324, 187–189.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie, W.; Guo, L.; Jiao, X.; Yang, N.; Yang, X.; Wu, Q.; Wang, S.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, Y. Transcriptomic Dissection of Sexual Differences in Bemisia Tabaci, an Invasive Agricultural Pest Worldwide. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazar Madjar, H. Radio Spectrum Management; John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781118759639.
An edited book
Bottom-Up Self-Organization in Supramolecular Soft Matter: Principles and Prototypical Examples of Recent Advances; Müller, S.C., Parisi, J., Eds.; Springer Series in Materials Science; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 217; ISBN 9783319194097.
A chapter in an edited book
Utama, N.A.; Ishihara, K.N.; Zhang, Q.; Tezuka, T. 2050 ASEAN Electricity Demand: Case Study in Indonesia and Cambodia. In Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2010: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium of Global COE Program “Energy Science in the Age of Global Warming—Toward CO2 Zero-emission Energy System”; Yao, T., Ed.; Green Energy and Technology; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2011; pp. 32–39 ISBN 9784431539094.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemEngineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Current Extinction Rate 10 Times Worse Than Previously Thought Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Security: Post-September 11th Initiatives and Long-Term Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, B.K. Hyperboloid-Parameterized Description of Diffusive Superconducting-Magnetic Hybrid Systems. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Packer, G. A Historian in Camelot. New York Times 2013, BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemEngineering
ISSN (online)2305-7084

Other styles