How to format your references using the ChemEngineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemEngineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maugeri, L. Science and Industry. Oil: Never Cry Wolf--Why the Petroleum Age Is Far from Over. Science 2004, 304, 1114–1115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reubi, O.; Blundy, J. A Dearth of Intermediate Melts at Subduction Zone Volcanoes and the Petrogenesis of Arc Andesites. Nature 2009, 461, 1269–1273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, T.; Wang, T.; Garcia, J.G.N. Expression of Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase-Influenced Genes Predicts Recurrence-Free Survival in Lung and Breast Cancers. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6107.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, X.; Pan, D.; Bai, Y.; Wang, D.; Hao, Z. A New Simple Concept for Ocean Colour Remote Sensing Using Parallel Polarisation Radiance. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros, N.; Diakoumopoulou, E.; Ioannidis, I.; Liatis, S.; Makrilakis, K.; Tentolouris, N.; Tsapogas, P. Diabetes in Clinical Practice; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006; ISBN 9780470059142.
An edited book
Frontiers of Combining Systems: 8th International Symposium, FroCoS 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 5-7, 2011. Proceedings; Tinelli, C., Sofronie-Stokkermans, V., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 6989; ISBN 9783642243639.
A chapter in an edited book
Czeizler, E.; Gratie, C.; Chiu, W.K.; Kanhaiya, K.; Petre, I. Target Controllability of Linear Networks. In Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings; Bartocci, E., Lio, P., Paoletti, N., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 67–81 ISBN 9783319451763.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemEngineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Water Vapor Detected in Exoplanet’s Atmosphere Available online:’s-atmosphere/ (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Bureau of Indian Affairs Not Operating Boarding Schools Efficiently; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tseng, Y.H.-H. Motivation of Participation in Inservice Training Based on Problem Solving: A Modified Delphi Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices Take Up On-Air Vulgarity Again. New York Times 2008, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemEngineering
ISSN (online)2305-7084

Other styles