How to format your references using the ChemEngineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemEngineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Winning Universities Set out to Fulfil Japan’s Plans for Excellence. Nature 2002, 419, 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Addiscott, T.; Brookes, P. Nitrogen Cycle: What Governs Nitrogen Loss from Forest Soils? Nature 2002, 418, 604; discussion 604.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfanner, N.; Wiedemann, N.; Meisinger, C. Cell Biology. Double Membrane Fusion. Science 2004, 305, 1723–1724.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ullian, E.M.; Sapperstein, S.K.; Christopherson, K.S.; Barres, B.A. Control of Synapse Number by Glia. Science 2001, 291, 657–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, A. A Practical Guide to Reliable Finite Element Modelling; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470512111.
An edited book
AsiaSim 2007: Asia Simulation Conference 2007, Seoul, Korea, October 10-12, 2007. Proceedings; Park, J.-W., Kim, T.-G., Kim, Y.-B., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 5; ISBN 9783540775997.
A chapter in an edited book
Simón Mata, A.; Bataller Torras, A.; Cabrera Carrillo, J.A.; Ezquerro Juanco, F.; Guerra Fernández, A.J.; Nadal Martínez, F.; Ortiz Fernández, A. Balancing of Machinery. In Fundamentals of Machine Theory and Mechanisms; Bataller Torras, A., Cabrera Carrillo, J.A., Ezquerro Juanco, F., Guerra Fernández, A.J., Nadal Martínez, F., Ortiz Fernández, A., Eds.; Mechanisms and Machine Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 195–231 ISBN 9783319319681.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemEngineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. Neurons and a Nerve Discovered in the Sex Organs of Male Spiders (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Problems Persist in Justice’s ADP Management and Organizations; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pahuja, S. Bandwidth Feedback Effects on Retained Movements in Young and Old Adults. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. Big Ideas and Short-Term Stays. New York Times 2017, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemEngineering
ISSN (online)2305-7084

Other styles