How to format your references using the ChemEngineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemEngineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manolopoulos, D.E. Reaction dynamics. Bending or breaking the rules? Science 2002, 296, 664.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rignot, E.; Kanagaratnam, P. Changes in the velocity structure of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science 2006, 311, 986–990.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lourens, L.J.; Wehausen, R.; Brumsack, H.J. Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature 2001, 409, 1029–1033.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, L.; Chen, W.; Qian, X.; Fang, Y.; Zhu, N. Liquiritigenin alleviates mechanical and cold hyperalgesia in a rat neuropathic pain model. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5676.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass, D.B.; Band, E.I. Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118463215.
An edited book
Viruses and Human Cancer: From Basic Science to Clinical Prevention; Chang, M.H., Jeang, K.-T., Eds.; Recent Results in Cancer Research; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 193; ISBN 9783642389641.
A chapter in an edited book
Durret, F.; Kaastra, J.S.; Nevalainen, J.; Ohashi, T.; Werner, N. Soft X-Ray and Extreme Ultraviolet Excess Emission from Clusters of Galaxies. In Clusters of Galaxies: Beyond the Thermal View; Kaastra, J., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2008; pp. 51–70 ISBN 9780387788746.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemEngineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. Why Seabirds Mistake Plastic For Food Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Continuing Risks of Disruption to Social Security, Medicare, and Treasury Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tromp, M. Bayesian monitoring of clinical trials: Examples using conjugate priors. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fountain, H.; Schwartz, J. Science and Medicine; Researchers Bristle at Extent of Cuts. New York Times 2017, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemEngineering
ISSN (online)2305-7084

Other styles