How to format your references using the ChemEngineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemEngineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zachary, D.S. On the Sustainability of an Activity. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro, A.; Barton, N.H. Chromosomal Speciation and Molecular Divergence--Accelerated Evolution in Rearranged Chromosomes. Science 2003, 300, 321–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chiou, P.Y.; Ohta, A.T.; Wu, M.C. Massively Parallel Manipulation of Single Cells and Microparticles Using Optical Images. Nature 2005, 436, 370–372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomoda, M.; Dehoux, T.; Iwasaki, Y.; Matsuda, O.; Gusev, V.E.; Wright, O.B. Nanoscale Mechanical Contacts Mapped by Ultrashort Time-Scale Electron Transport. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çapin, T.K.; Pandzic, I.S.; Magnenat-Thalmann, N.; Thalmann, D. Avatars in Networked Virtual Environments; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2001; ISBN 9780470841761.
An edited book
Translational Cardiology: Molecular Basis of Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiac Remodeling, Translational Therapies and Imaging Techniques; Patterson, C., Willis, M.S., Eds.; Molecular and Translational Medicine; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781617798900.
A chapter in an edited book
Meza-Jiménez, J.; Escamilla-López, M.; Llamas-Cabello, R. Statistical Process Control: A Vital Tool for Quality Assurance. In Lean Manufacturing in the Developing World: Methodology, Case Studies and Trends from Latin America; García-Alcaraz, J.L., Maldonado-Macías, A.A., Cortes-Robles, G., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 65–86 ISBN 9783319049502.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemEngineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Mysterious Bright Object Spotted On Titan Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Improving the Collection of Debts Owed the Government; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1981;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, X. Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. Grammy Awards Gain a Million More Viewers. New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemEngineering
ISSN (online)2305-7084

Other styles