How to format your references using the ChemEngineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ChemEngineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. Meeting aims to find brain’s benchmarks for beauty. Nature 2003, 421, 305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukherjee, S.; Orth, K. Microbiology. A protein pupylation paradigm. Science 2008, 322, 1062–1063.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell, J.A.; Thomas, S.N.; Swartz, M.A. Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature 2009, 462, 449–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ito, J.; Ghosh, A.; Moreira, L.A.; Wimmer, E.A.; Jacobs-Lorena, M. Transgenic anopheline mosquitoes impaired in transmission of a malaria parasite. Nature 2002, 417, 452–455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A.; Ben-Hamida, S. Evolutionary Algorithms; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119136378.
An edited book
Semantic e-Science; Chen, H., Wang, Y., Cheung, K.-H., Eds.; Annals of Information Systems; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2010; Vol. 11; ISBN 9781441959027.
A chapter in an edited book
Steyn, A.J.C.; Mai, D.; Saini, V.; Farhana, A. Protein–Protein Interaction in the -Omics Era: Understanding Mycobacterium tuberculosis Function. In Systems Biology of Tuberculosis; McFadden, J., Beste, D.J.V., Kierzek, A.M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 79–106 ISBN 9781461449652.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ChemEngineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Childhood Drawings May Indicate Intelligence as Teenagers Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Survey of State Regulatory Commissions (GAO-08-662SP, June 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-633; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Vlack, K.A. Puaxant tuvip: Powerlands Southern Paiute cultural landscapes and pilgrimage trails. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B. Despite Recalls, G.M. Pays Workers Big Bonus. New York Times 2015, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemEngineering
ISSN (online)2305-7084

Other styles