How to format your references using the New Phytologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Phytologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissleder R. 2006. Molecular imaging in cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312: 1168–1171.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cemma M, Brumell JH. 2013. Immunology. Bacterial escape artists set afire. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339: 912–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh PK, Hopwood J, Sonkusale S. 2014. Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Scientific reports 4: 5964.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shen X, Xiao H, Ranallo R, Wu W-H, Wu C. 2003. Modulation of ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complexes by inositol polyphosphates. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299: 112–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair R, Regenstein JM. 2015. Genetic Modification and Food Quality. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Asuelime L, Yaro J, Francis S (Eds.). 2014. Selected Themes in African Development Studies: Economic Growth, Governance and the Environment. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jha P, Bora PS, Sohn J-H, Kaplan HJ, Bora NS. 2006. Complement System and the Eye. In: Lambris JD, ed. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Current Topics in Complement. Boston, MA: Springer US, 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Phytologist.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. Breakthrough Computer Could Survive Extreme Conditions On Venus. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Requirements for Recurring Reports to the Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson JM. 2013. Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K. 2017. At Goldman, He’s a President. At the Club, He’s D.J. D-Sol. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissleder, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Weissleder, 2006; Cemma & Brumell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cemma & Brumell, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Phytologist
AbbreviationNew Phytol.
ISSN (print)0028-646X
ISSN (online)1469-8137
ScopePlant Science

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