How to format your references using the New Phytologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Phytologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skipper M. 2015. Evolution: Finches sequenced. Nature 518: 308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr E, Fischbacher U. 2003. The nature of human altruism. Nature 425: 785–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldfarb DJ, Glasser BJ, Shinbrot T. 2002. Shear instabilities in granular flows. Nature 415: 302–305.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cayuela ML, Sánchez-Monedero MA, Roig A, Hanley K, Enders A, Lehmann J. 2013. Biochar and denitrification in soils: when, how much and why does biochar reduce N₂O emissions? Scientific reports 3: 1732.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik BS. 2005. Axiomatic Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kelley DH. 2005. Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy (EF Milone, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun Y, Fan H. 2014. Event Identification from Georeferenced Images. In: Huerta J, Schade S, Granell C, eds. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Connecting a Digital Europe Through Location and Place. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 73–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Phytologist.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2017. How Termites Came To Build The World’s Greatest “Skyscrapers”. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Education Reform: School-Based Management Results in Changes in Instruction and Budgeting. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuls M. 2012. Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Skipper, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fehr & Fischbacher, 2003; Skipper, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fehr & Fischbacher, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Cayuela et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Phytologist
AbbreviationNew Phytol.
ISSN (print)0028-646X
ISSN (online)1469-8137
ScopePlant Science

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