How to format your references using the New Phytologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Phytologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami G. 2009. Why we need space travel. Nature 460: 325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rai AK, Cook-Deegan R. 2013. Genetics. Moving beyond ‘isolated’ gene patents. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 137–138.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polikanov YS, Blaha GM, Steitz TA. 2012. How hibernation factors RMF, HPF, and YfiA turn off protein synthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 915–918.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aoki SK, Pamma R, Hernday AD, Bickham JE, Braaten BA, Low DA. 2005. Contact-dependent inhibition of growth in Escherichia coli. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 1245–1248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson J. 2014. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dincer I. 2013. Solar Based Hydrogen Production Systems (AS Joshi, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Augustyn DR. 2015. Query Workload Aware Multi-histogram Based on Equi-width Sub-histograms for Selectivity Estimations of Range Queries. In: Kozielski S, Mrozek D, Kasprowski P, Małysiak-Mrozek B, Kostrzewa D, eds. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Beyond Databases, Architectures and Structures: 11th International Conference, BDAS 2015, Ustroń, Poland, May 26-29, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Phytologist.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Scorpions Have Similar Tastes In Interior Burrow Design. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lieberman DS. 2017. ‘Stroke Your Thoroughbreds and Kick Your Donkeys’: Power and the Secondary Administrative Distribution of Teaching Assignments.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. Suffolk Seeks Ways to Ease School Taxes. New York Times: LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami, 2009; Rai & Cook-Deegan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rai & Cook-Deegan, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Aoki et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Phytologist
AbbreviationNew Phytol.
ISSN (print)0028-646X
ISSN (online)1469-8137
ScopePlant Science

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