How to format your references using the New Phytologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Phytologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan JCL. 2006. Comment on ‘Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311: 1713; author reply 1713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Einstein TL, Stasevich TJ. 2010. Materials science. Epitaxial growth writ large. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327: 423–424.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bowman GD, O’Donnell M, Kuriyan J. 2004. Structural analysis of a eukaryotic sliding DNA clamp-clamp loader complex. Nature 429: 724–730.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sun X, Kaur J, Milojević S, Flammini A, Menczer F. 2013. Social dynamics of science. Scientific reports 3: 1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickeson RC. 2010. Prioritizing Academic Programs and Services. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Shaari KZK, Awang M (Eds.). 2015. Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Karpov EG, Grankin MV. 2012. Atomic Scale Monte-Carlo Studies of Entropic Elasticity Properties of Polymer Chain Molecules. In: Sun B, ed. Advances in Soft Matter Mechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 147–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Phytologist.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. The Anthropocene Has Been Shaped By The Media And Our Digital Lives. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Children’s Television Act: FCC Could Improve Efforts to Oversee Enforcement and Provide Public Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero KA. 2017. Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hui M. 2012. In Organic-Hungry Hong Kong, Corn as High as an Elevator’s Climb. New York Times: A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chan, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chan, 2006; Einstein & Stasevich, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Einstein & Stasevich, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Phytologist
AbbreviationNew Phytol.
ISSN (print)0028-646X
ISSN (online)1469-8137
ScopePlant Science

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