How to format your references using the Yearbook of English Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Yearbook of English Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinge, J. D., ‘Murphy’s Cat’, Nature, 408.6813 (2000), 649
A journal article with 2 authors
Hejnol, Andreas, and Mark Q. Martindale, ‘Acoel Development Indicates the Independent Evolution of the Bilaterian Mouth and Anus’, Nature, 456.7220 (2008), 382–86
A journal article with 3 authors
Schefuss, Enno, Stefan Schouten, and Ralph R. Schneider, ‘Climatic Controls on Central African Hydrology during the Past 20,000 Years’, Nature, 437.7061 (2005), 1003–6
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bernskoetter, Wesley H., Cynthia K. Schauer, Karen I. Goldberg, and Maurice Brookhart, ‘Characterization of a Rhodium(I) Sigma-Methane Complex in Solution’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 326.5952 (2009), 553–56

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen, Richard N., Practical Relativity (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010)
An edited book
Jin, David, and Sally Lin, eds., Advances in Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication: Volume 2, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012), cxlix
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalez, Raul S., and Kay Washington, ‘Lobular Changes’, in Non-Neoplastic Liver Pathology: A Pathologist’s Survival Guide, ed. by Kay Washington (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 27–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Yearbook of English Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen, ‘Well Preserved Fossilized Flying Reptile Eggs Found’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2014) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Infrastructure: Impacts of Utility Relocations on Highway and Bridge Projects (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 9 June 1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugg, Jason, ‘Small Graces: Mapping a Route of Beauty to the Heart of the World’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary, ‘Old Is Good, Cheaper Is Better’, New York Times, 15 April 2010, p. E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleYearbook of English Studies
ISSN (print)0306-2473
ISSN (online)2222-4289

Other styles