How to format your references using the Yearbook of English Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Yearbook of English Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guenin, L. M., ‘Essays on Science and Society. Morals and Primordials’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 292.5522 (2001), 1659–60
A journal article with 2 authors
Starr, Daniel A., and Min Han, ‘Role of ANC-1 in Tethering Nuclei to the Actin Cytoskeleton’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 298.5592 (2002), 406–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Tseng, Chia-Huei, Joetta L. Gobell, and George Sperling, ‘Long-Lasting Sensitization to a given Colour after Visual Search’, Nature, 428.6983 (2004), 657–60
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scheid, Johannes F., Hugo Mouquet, Beatrix Ueberheide, Ron Diskin, Florian Klein, Thiago Y. K. Oliveira, and others, ‘Sequence and Structural Convergence of Broad and Potent HIV Antibodies That Mimic CD4 Binding’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 333.6049 (2011), 1633–37

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tostmann, Karl-Helmut, Korrosion (Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005)
An edited book
Destrade, Michel, and Giuseppe Saccomandi, eds., Waves in Nonlinear Pre-Stressed Materials, CISM Courses and Lectures (Vienna: Springer, 2007), cdxcv
A chapter in an edited book
Rhee, Choonsung, Sunyoung Han, Byounguk Choi, and Jungwook Song, ‘Scalable Overlay Multicast Architecture’, in Frontiers of High Performance Computing and Networking – ISPA 2006 Workshops: ISPA 2006 International Workshops, FHPCN, XHPC, S-GRACE, GridGIS, HPC-GTP, PDCE, ParDMCom, WOMP, ISDF, and UPWN, Sorrento, Italy, December 4-7, 2006. Proceedings, ed. by Geyong Min, Beniamino Di Martino, Laurence T. Yang, Minyi Guo, and Gudula Rünger, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006), pp. 31–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Yearbook of English Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Is Artificial Intelligence Just Around The Corner?’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Key Controls NASA Employs to Guide Use and Management of Funded Space Act Agreements Are Generally Sufficient, but Some Could Be Strengthened and Clarified (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 17 November 2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, Dilhari, ‘Compliance with Dietary Restrictions among African American Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease in a Nursing Home Setting’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben, ‘I Am Another You’, New York Times, 26 September 2017, p. C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleYearbook of English Studies
ISSN (print)0306-2473
ISSN (online)2222-4289

Other styles