How to format your references using the Yearbook of English Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Yearbook of English Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petley, David N., ‘Geophysics. Characterizing Giant Landslides’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 339.6126 (2013), 1395–96
A journal article with 2 authors
Yack, J. E., and J. H. Fullard, ‘Ultrasonic Hearing in Nocturnal Butterflies’, Nature, 403.6767 (2000), 265–66
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe, Candy, Julie M. Harris, and S. Craig Roberts, ‘Sporting Contests: Seeing Red? Putting Sportswear in Context’, Nature, 437.7063 (2005), E10; discussion E10-1
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klinakis, Apostolos, Camille Lobry, Omar Abdel-Wahab, Philmo Oh, Hiroshi Haeno, Silvia Buonamici, and others, ‘A Novel Tumour-Suppressor Function for the Notch Pathway in Myeloid Leukaemia’, Nature, 473.7346 (2011), 230–33

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999)
An edited book
INDERJIT, and K. G. Mukerji, eds., Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases, Disease Management of Fruits and Vegetables (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006), ii
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, Penghua, Lanfen Lin, Feng Wang, Jing Wang, and Meng Wang, ‘Improving Recommendations with Collaborative Factors’, in Web-Age Information Management: 15th International Conference, WAIM 2014, Macau, China, June 16-18, 2014. Proceedings, ed. by Feifei Li, Guoliang Li, Seung-Won Hwang, Bin Yao, and Zhenjie Zhang, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014), pp. 30–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Yearbook of English Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Yes, Eastern Coyotes Are Hybrids, But The “Coywolf” Is Not A Thing’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FAA Budget: Key Issues Need to Be Addressed (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 21 May 1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Policarpio, Alyssa Mae, ‘Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Typically Developing Siblings, and Parents: A Systematic Review of the Literature’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walt, Stephen M., ‘The Power Of a Strong State Dept’, New York Times, 12 May 2017, p. A29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleYearbook of English Studies
ISSN (print)0306-2473
ISSN (online)2222-4289

Other styles