How to format your references using the EcoHealth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EcoHealth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balescu R (2003) Obituary: Ilya Prigogine (1917-2003). Nature 424:30
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth MS, Deheyn DD (2013) Effects of cold stress and heat stress on coral fluorescence in reef-building corals. Sci Rep 3:1421
A journal article with 3 authors
McCulloh KA, Sperry JS, Adler FR (2003) Water transport in plants obeys Murray’s law. Nature 421:939–942
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Patanè D, De Gori P, Chiarabba C, Bonaccorso A (2003) Magma ascent and the pressurization of Mount Etna’s volcanic system. Science 299:2061–2063

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gage LJ (2008) Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Kreibich C, Jahnke M (eds) (2010) Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment: 7th International Conference, DIMVA 2010, Bonn, Germany, July 8-9, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hasu T, Bagge AH, Haveraaen M (2013) Inferring Required Permissions for Statically Composed Programs. In: Riis Nielson H, Gollmann D (eds) Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EcoHealth.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Orphan Pygmy Marmoset Loves Being Brushed By A Toothbrush. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/deaf-orphan-marmoset-loves-toothbrush-massage1/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Acquisition and Utilization of Wind Tunnels by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mathus MA (2017) The Relationship between Teacher Evaluation Ratings and Student Achievement in a Rural, Midwest School District. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2011) Disputed Voting Turns Church, A Kremlin Ally, Into Its Critic. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balescu 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Balescu 2003; Roth and Deheyn 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roth and Deheyn 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Patanè et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcoHealth
AbbreviationEcohealth
ISSN (print)1612-9202
ISSN (online)1612-9210
ScopeEcology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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