How to format your references using the EcoHealth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EcoHealth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes E (2014) Treatment: Marginal gains. Nature 508:S54-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson K, Humphreys RM (2012) The Great Eruption of η Carinae. Nature 486:E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Keller KE, Tan IS, Lee Y-S (2012) SAICAR stimulates pyruvate kinase isoform M2 and promotes cancer cell survival in glucose-limited conditions. Science 338:1069–1072
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim HK, Fuchs G, Wang S, Wei W, Zhang Y, Park H, Roy-Chaudhuri B, Li P, Xu J, Chu K, Zhang F, Chua M-S, So S, Zhang QC, Sarnow P, Kay MA (2017) A transfer-RNA-derived small RNA regulates ribosome biogenesis. Nature 552:57–62

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach J (2010) Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Owusu G, O’Brien P, McCall J, Doherty NF (eds) (2013) Transforming Field and Service Operations: Methodologies for Successful Technology-Driven Business Transformation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lemos JM, Sampaio I (2015) Distributed LQG Control for Multiobjective Control of Water Canals. In: Ocampo-Martinez C, Negenborn RR (eds) Transport of Water versus Transport over Water: Exploring the Dynamic Interplay of Transport and Water. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EcoHealth.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Pesky Beetle Destroys Coffee Crops Thanks to Caffeine-Detoxing Gut Microbes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starner RN (2013) Expanding the Scope of Silyl Protecting Groups for Sialylation Reactions. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes B, Abrams R, Kantor J (2017) Sharing A Name Of Infamy. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anthes 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson and Humphreys 2012; Anthes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson and Humphreys 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcoHealth
ISSN (print)1612-9202
ISSN (online)1612-9210
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles