How to format your references using the EcoHealth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EcoHealth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) The philanthropic principle. Nature 431:719
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster GL, Vance D (2006) Negligible glacial-interglacial variation in continental chemical weathering rates. Nature 444:918–921
A journal article with 3 authors
Prochaska JX, Howk JC, Wolfe AM (2003) The elemental abundance pattern in a galaxy at z = 2.626. Nature 423:57–59
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moellering RE, Cornejo M, Davis TN, Del Bianco C, Aster JC, Blacklow SC, Kung AL, Gilliland DG, Verdine GL, Bradner JE (2009) Direct inhibition of the NOTCH transcription factor complex. Nature 462:182–188

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant G (2016) The Water Sensitive City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Blair JA (2012) Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Rabe KM, Ghosez P (2007) First-Principles Studies of Ferroelectric Oxides. In: Rabe KM, Ahn CH, Triscone J-M (eds) Physics of Ferroelectrics: A Modern Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 117–174

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EcoHealth.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Colorful Murals Cover A 1,000-Year-Old Chinese Tomb. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) More Emphasis Needed on Data Analysis Phase of Space Science Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Piper MH (2017) A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rohan T (2015) Head Games. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Foster and Vance 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foster and Vance 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Moellering et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcoHealth
ISSN (print)1612-9202
ISSN (online)1612-9210
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles