How to format your references using the EcoHealth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EcoHealth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott RJ (2003) Evolution. Sex, sunflowers, and speciation. Science 301:1189–1190
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner HO, Knust R (2007) Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance. Science 315:95–97
A journal article with 3 authors
Engler HS, Spencer KC, Gilbert LE (2000) Preventing cyanide release from leaves. Nature 406:144–145
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen W-H, Xu X-D, Luo G-F, Jia H-Z, Lei Q, Cheng S-X, Zhuo R-X, Zhang X-Z (2013) Dual-targeting pro-apoptotic peptide for programmed cancer cell death via specific mitochondria damage. Sci Rep 3:3468

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collier CG (2016) Hydrometeorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ghosh A (2015) Introduction to Micromechanisms and Microactuators. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Chen Y-W, Lee Y-L, Peng I-H (2006) Connection Control by Virtual Admission in Wireless LAN Environment. In: Cheng X, Li W, Znati T (eds) Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: First International Conference, WASA 2006, Xi’an, China, August 15-17, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 14–25

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EcoHealth.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Artificial Intelligence Can Accurately Predict The Result Of Human Rights Trials. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Space Transportation: Critical Areas NASA Needs to Address in Managing Its Reusable Launch Vehicle Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adler AD (2012) Change in Automatic and Strategic Cognition: An Examination of Cognitive Therapy for Depression. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2010) Look! Up in the Sky! Hoping for Broadway! New York Times AR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Pörtner and Knust 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pörtner and Knust 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcoHealth
ISSN (print)1612-9202
ISSN (online)1612-9210
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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