How to format your references using the Experimental Cell Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Cell Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Laursen, Wild bees: Lone rangers, Nature. 521 (2015) S62-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Poulsen, P. Nissen, Structural biology. The inner workings of a dynamic duo, Science. 335 (2012) 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.-W. Ryu, C.-W. Park, K.-Y. Ryu, Disruption of polyubiquitin gene Ubb causes dysregulation of neural stem cell differentiation with premature gliogenesis, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Wang, Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Burghardt, B. Walls, Managed Futures for Institutional Investors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
A. Tatnall, T. Blyth, R. Johnson, eds., Making the History of Computing Relevant: IFIP WG 9.7 International Conference, HC 2013, London, UK, June 17-18, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H.B. Kekre, T.K. Sarode, S.R. Sange, S. Natu, P. Natu, Halftone Image Data Compression Using Kekre’s Fast Code Book Generation (KFCG) Algorithm for Vector Quantization, in: K. Shah, V.R. Lakshmi Gorty, A. Phirke (Eds.), Technology Systems and Management: First International Conference, ICTSM 2011, Mumbai, India, February 25-27, 2011. Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 34–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Cell Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mars Rover Observations Suggest Giant Crater Used To Hold An Ancient Lake, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Unmanned Aerial Systems: Efforts Made toward Integration into the National Airspace Continue, but Many Actions Still Required, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.B. Tanag, Building bridges of hope after loss: A self-directed workbook for foster parents, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Former Killing Ground Becomes Shrine to Stalin’s Victims, New York Times. (2007) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Cell Research
AbbreviationExp. Cell Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4827
ScopeCell Biology

Other styles