How to format your references using the Experimental Cell Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Cell Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.M. Russell, Atmospheric science: Sea-spray particles cause freezing in clouds, Nature. 525 (2015) 194–195.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.A. West, A. Gardner, Altruism, spite, and greenbeards, Science. 327 (2010) 1341–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Kormendy, R. Bender, M.E. Cornell, Supermassive black holes do not correlate with galaxy disks or pseudobulges, Nature. 469 (2011) 374–376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Dina, D. Meyre, C. Samson, J. Tichet, M. Marre, B. Jouret, M.A. Charles, B. Balkau, P. Froguel, Comment on “A common genetic variant is associated with adult and childhood obesity,” Science. 315 (2007) 187; author reply 187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.C. Anderson, F. Naeim, Basic Structural Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
P. Milazzo, D. Varró, M. Wimmer, eds., Software Technologies: Applications and Foundations: STAF 2016 Collocated Workshops: DataMod, GCM, HOFM, MELO, SEMS, VeryComp, Vienna Austria, July 4-8, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J.A. Bergstra, Elementary Algebraic Specifications of the Rational Function Field, in: A. Beckmann, U. Berger, B. Löwe, J.V. Tucker (Eds.), Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers: Second Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, Swansea, UK, June 30-July 5, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 40–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Cell Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Eight-Year-Old Dies Of Polio In Laos, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, GPS: Actions Needed to Address Ground System Development Problems and User Equipment Production Readiness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.A. Hunt, A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. DE WITT with MICHAEL KELLY, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Perot Pursued Charges Against Official for Years, New York Times. (1992) 118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Cell Research
AbbreviationExp. Cell Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4827
ScopeCell Biology

Other styles