How to format your references using the Cell Biology and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Biology and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp S. What’s in a name? Nature. 2000 Nov 2;408(6808):33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash D, Tchernichovski O. DEVELOPMENT. Marmoset kids actually listen. Science. 2015 Aug 14;349(6249):688–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buffetaut E, Martill D, Escuillié F. Pterosaurs as part of a spinosaur diet. Nature. 2004 Jul 1;430(6995):33.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hershkovitz I, Duval M, Grün R, Mercier N, Valladas H, Ayalon A, et al. Response to Comment on “The earliest modern humans outside Africa.” Science. 2018 Oct 26;362(6413).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ray Chaudhuri N, Chaudhuri B, Majumder R, Yazdani A. Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Lindsay SJ, editor. Light Metals 2011. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodarzi E, Ziaei M, Hosseinipour EZ. Multiobjective Optimization. In: Ziaei M, Hosseinipour EZ, editors. Introduction to Optimization Analysis in Hydrosystem Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 111–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Biology and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Identical genetics doesn’t mean identical behavior for bacteria [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:’t-mean-identical-behavior-bacteria/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Review of the South Boston Piers Transitway Finance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Nov. Report No.: GAO-01-174R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Primeaux SJ. The Role of Education, Empathy, and Psychological Flexibility in Implicit and Explicit Mental Health Stigma [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Lew Visits Puerto Rico and Urges Federal Help. New York Times. 2016 Jan 21;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp 2000; Margoliash and Tchernichovski 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margoliash and Tchernichovski 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hershkovitz et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Biology and Toxicology
AbbreviationCell Biol. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0742-2091
ISSN (online)1573-6822
ScopeCell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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