How to format your references using the Cell Biology and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Biology and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortin D. Geochemistry. What biogenic minerals tell us. Science. 2004 Mar 12;303(5664):1618–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armatas GS, Kanatzidis MG. Hexagonal mesoporous germanium. Science. 2006 Aug 11;313(5788):817–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halazonetis TD, Gorgoulis VG, Bartek J. An oncogene-induced DNA damage model for cancer development. Science. 2008 Mar 7;319(5868):1352–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Douglas SM, Dietz H, Liedl T, Högberg B, Graf F, Shih WM. Self-assembly of DNA into nanoscale three-dimensional shapes. Nature. 2009 May 21;459(7245):414–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser L. Unified Optical Scanning Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Fischer T, Langanke M, Marschall P, Michl S, editors. Individualized Medicine: Ethical, Economical and Historical Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya S, Ghatak KP. Field Emission from Superlattices of Nonparabolic Semiconductors Under Magnetic Quantization. In: Ghatak KP, editor. Fowler-Nordheim Field Emission: Effects in Semiconductor Nanostructures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 157–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Biology and Toxicology.

Blog post
Fang J. World’s Oldest Hand Stencils Discovered in Tropical Cave [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Increase Safety Focus at Local Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Dec. Report No.: RCED-90-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wizda LL. A case study of online peer coaching of consultant communication skill development [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Boris Without Beatrice. New York Times. 2017 Sep 7;C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Armatas and Kanatzidis 2006; Fortin 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armatas and Kanatzidis 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Douglas et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Biology and Toxicology
AbbreviationCell Biol. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0742-2091
ISSN (online)1573-6822
ScopeCell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles