How to format your references using the Cell Biology and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Biology and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kassen R. If you want to win the game, you must join in. Nature. 2011 Dec 7;480(7376):153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Imura T, Tomonaga M. Differences between chimpanzees and humans in visual temporal integration. Sci. Rep. 2013 Nov 19;3:3256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vogelstein B, Alberts B, Shine K. Genetics. Please don’t call it cloning! Science. 2002 Feb 15;295(5558):1237.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gladstone GR, Hurley DM, Retherford KD, Feldman PD, Pryor WR, Chaufray J-Y, et al. LRO-LAMP observations of the LCROSS impact plume. Science. 2010 Oct 22;330(6003):472–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drago C. Implant Restorations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Feng L, Wang G, Zeng C, Huang R, editors. Web Information Systems – WISE 2006 Workshops: WISE 2006 International Workshops, Wuhan, China, October 23-26, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Moumtzidou A, Vrochidis S, Tonelli S, Kompatsiaris I, Pianta E. Discovery of Environmental Nodes in the Web. In: Salampasis M, Larsen B, editors. Multidisciplinary Information Retrieval: 5th Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2012, Vienna, Austria, July 2-3, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 58–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Biology and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrews R. International Survey Reveals If Penis Size Really Does Matter [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Concerns About Developing and Producing Magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 May. Report No.: T-RCED-91-51.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ionedes NJ. An exploration of social interest therapy as a treatment for depression in the elderly [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Johnny Cash Has Now Become the Poet in Black. New York Times. 2016 Nov 11;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kassen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Imura and Tomonaga 2013; Kassen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Imura and Tomonaga 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gladstone et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Biology and Toxicology
AbbreviationCell Biol. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0742-2091
ISSN (online)1573-6822
ScopeCell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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