How to format your references using the Cell Biology and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Biology and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellison AM. Political borders should not hamper wildlife. Nature. 2014 Apr 3;508(7494):9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hector A, Hooper R. Ecology. Darwin and the first ecological experiment. Science. 2002 Jan 25;295(5555):639–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duivenvoorden JF, Svenning JC, Wright SJ. Ecology. Beta diversity in tropical forests. Science. 2002 Jan 25;295(5555):636–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murphy K, Frazer KA, Loots G, Rubin EM. Database searches for binding sites. Science. 2000 Jun 30;288(5475):2319a.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morley D. Communications and Mobility. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Fadare O, editor. Precancerous Lesions of the Gynecologic Tract: Diagnostic and Molecular Genetic Pathology. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Frossard E, Bünemann EK, Gunst L, Oberson A, Schärer M, Tamburini F. Fate of Fertilizer P in Soils—The Organic Pathway. In: Schnug E, De Kok LJ, editors. Phosphorus in Agriculture: 100 % Zero. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016. p. 41–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Biology and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew D. People With Autism Make More Logical Decisions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. AIDS Education: Public School Programs Require More Student Information and Teacher Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 May. Report No.: HRD-90-103.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasiriamini S. The need for adaptive network application architectures [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Irene Adds To Bad Year For Insurers. New York Times. 2011 Aug 29;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellison 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ellison 2014; Hector and Hooper 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hector and Hooper 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Murphy et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Biology and Toxicology
AbbreviationCell Biol. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0742-2091
ISSN (online)1573-6822
ScopeCell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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