How to format your references using the Catholic Biblical Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catholic Biblical Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A journal article with 2 authors
A journal article with 3 authors
A journal article with 4 or more authors

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
An edited book
A chapter in an edited book


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference David Goldston, “The climate to get things done,” Nature 458 (March 5, 2009) 21.
This sentence cites two references David Goldston, “The climate to get things done,” Nature 458 (March 5, 2009) 21; Victor Galitski and Ian B. Spielman, “Spin-orbit coupling in quantum gases,” Nature 494 (February 7, 2013) 49–54.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Victor Galitski and Ian B. Spielman, “Spin-orbit coupling in quantum gases,” Nature 494 (February 7, 2013) 49–54
  • Three authors: Alastair G. B. Simpson, Erin K. MacQuarrie, and Andrew J. Roger, “Eukaryotic evolution: early origin of canonical introns,” Nature 419 (September 19, 2002) 270
  • 4 or more authors: Suraj D. Polade et al., “The key role of dry days in changing regional climate and precipitation regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4 (March 13, 2014) 4364

About the journal

Full journal titleCatholic Biblical Quarterly
ISSN (print)0008-7912

Other styles