How to format your references using the Chemical Data Collections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Data Collections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Standfuss, Structural biology. Viral chemokine mimicry, Science. 347 (2015) 1071–1072.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Jazayeri, J.A. Movshon, A new perceptual illusion reveals mechanisms of sensory decoding, Nature. 446 (2007) 912–915.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Arnaud-Haond, J.M. Arrieta, C.M. Duarte, Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents, Science. 331 (2011) 1521–1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Gambardella, P. Graziosi, I. Bergenti, M. Prezioso, D. Pullini, S. Milita, F. Biscarini, V.A. Dediu, Surface nanostructures in manganite films, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Böhm, Symmetrien in Festkörpern, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
A.K. Bhandari, A. Kundu, eds., Microfinance, Risk-taking Behaviour and Rural Livelihood, Springer India, New Delhi, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
G.W. Carlson, F. De Lorenzi, M. Rietjens, A. Manconi, D. Hoch, H. Benditte-Klepetko, R. Bartsch, N. Gösseringer, M. Deutinger, M. Friedrich, D. Salehin, S. Krämer, P. Schrenk, G.M. Huemer, B. Munder, C. Andree, T. Schoeller, P. Pülzl, OPS and Mastectomy, in: F. Fitzal, P. Schrenk (Eds.), Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinical Practice, Springer, Vienna, 2010: pp. 133–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Data Collections.

Blog post
J. Fang, New 600-Million-Year-Old Fossil is the World’s Oldest Sponge, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Infrastructure: Perceptions of Stakeholders on Approaches to Reduce Highway Project Completion Time, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Casale, Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, ‘Lesser God’ Is Headed For a Broadway Revival, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Data Collections
AbbreviationChem. Data Coll.
ISSN (print)2405-8300

Other styles