How to format your references using the Chemical Data Collections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Data Collections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Conference management, Nature. 426 (2003) 911.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Bard, R.E.M. Rickaby, Migration of the subtropical front as a modulator of glacial climate, Nature. 460 (2009) 380–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Kaminski, J. Call, J. Fischer, Word learning in a domestic dog: evidence for “fast mapping,” Science. 304 (2004) 1682–1683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Blanchoin, K.J. Amann, H.N. Higgs, J.B. Marchand, D.A. Kaiser, T.D. Pollard, Direct observation of dendritic actin filament networks nucleated by Arp2/3 complex and WASP/Scar proteins, Nature. 404 (2000) 1007–1011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. O’Malley, Bonds Without Borders, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
C. Benson, Language Issues in Comparative Education: Inclusive Teaching and Learning in Non-Dominant Languages and Cultures, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Agrifoglio, F. Schiavone, C. Metallo, Investigating the Sailing Ship Effect as Newcomers’ Strategic Reaction to Technological Change, in: T. Torre, A.M. Braccini, R. Spinelli (Eds.), Empowering Organizations: Enabling Platforms and Artefacts, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Data Collections.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How The Air We Breathe Was Created By Earth’s Tectonic Plates, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.P. Marchek, A quantitative investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) factors that influence the decision to replace obsolete systems, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.R. Oestreich, Expressive Flair in a New York Debut, New York Times. (2016) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Data Collections
AbbreviationChem. Data Coll.
ISSN (print)2405-8300

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