How to format your references using the Chemical Data Collections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Data Collections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. de Duve, The joy of discovery, Nature. 467 (2010) S5.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Colavita, M. Tessier-Lavigne, A Neurexin-related protein, BAM-2, terminates axonal branches in C. elegans, Science. 302 (2003) 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Xiao, J. Jiang, H. Huang, Chemical dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene with polyethylene glycol and hydroxide: dominant effect of temperature and ionic potential, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6305.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Tang, C. Wang, D. Wang, R. Pawlowicz, Seismic, satellite, and site observations of internal solitary waves in the NE South China Sea, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.B. Heimann, H.D. Lehmann, Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2015.
An edited book
T. Platz, ed., Therapeutic rTMS in Neurology: Principles, Evidence, and Practice Recommendations, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Sezgin, S. Özkan, Assessment of Information Technology Use in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Empirical Investigation in Five Cases, in: J. Devos, H. van Landeghem, D. Deschoolmeester (Eds.), Information Systems for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: State of Art of IS Research in SMEs, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 97–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Data Collections.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Potential Oldest Fossils Found Around Ancient Hydrothermal Vents, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.P. Faello, Is strong corporate governance associated with informative income smoothing?, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A.T. Crane, G. Hay, All Is Sparkly For Tiffany, New York Times. (2010) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Data Collections
AbbreviationChem. Data Coll.
ISSN (print)2405-8300

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