How to format your references using the Chemical Data Collections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Data Collections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Clery, Space physics. LISA Pathfinder tests spacetime sensor, Science. 350 (2015) 894–895.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Ordureau, J.W. Harper, Cell biology: balancing act, Nature. 510 (2014) 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.K. Petersen-Mahrt, R.S. Harris, M.S. Neuberger, AID mutates E. coli suggesting a DNA deamination mechanism for antibody diversification, Nature. 418 (2002) 99–103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Pfleiderer, P. Böni, T. Keller, U.K. Rössler, A. Rosch, Non-Fermi liquid metal without quantum criticality, Science. 316 (2007) 1871–1874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Biswas, P. Ray, B.K. Chakrabarti, Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2015.
An edited book
M. Abu-Khalaf, Nonlinear H2/H∞ Constrained Feedback Control: A Practical Design Approach Using Neural Networks, Springer, London, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Reimair, P. Teufl, T. Zefferer, CrySIL: Bringing Crypto to the Modern User, in: V. Monfort, K.-H. Krempels, T.A. Majchrzak, Ž. Turk (Eds.), Web Information Systems and Technologies: 11th International Conference, WEBIST 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 70–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Data Collections.

Blog post
T. Hale, How A Shark Attack Saved A Man’s Life, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Department of Education’s Update of the State and Other Tax Allowance for Student Aid Award Year 2005-2006, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.J. Miller, An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Fighter Who Faked Death Is Sent to Prison for Robbery, New York Times. (2013) B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Data Collections
AbbreviationChem. Data Coll.
ISSN (print)2405-8300

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