How to format your references using the Cath Lab Digest citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cath Lab Digest. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shendure J. Journal club. A geneticist discusses a way to assess the effects of disease-causing gene mutations. Nature. 2010 January; 463(7280): 405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heyes CM, Frith CD. The cultural evolution of mind reading. Science. 2014 June; 344(6190): 1243091.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell A, Wei P, Lim WA. Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles’ heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network. Science. 2015 December; 350(6266): 1379–1383.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schultz D, Lu M, Stavropoulos T, Onuchic J, Ben-Jacob E. Turning oscillations into opportunities: lessons from a bacterial decision gate. Sci Rep. 2013; 3 1668.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant FM. Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Popescu-Zeletin R. Vehicular-2-X Communication: State-of-the-Art and Research in Mobile Vehicular Ad hoc Networks. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Steiger M, Charola AE, Sterflinger K. Weathering and Deterioration. In: Siegesmund S, Snethlage R, eds. Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p227–316.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cath Lab Digest.

Blog post
Hamilton K. The US Needs To Improve Its Science Literacy, Says Astronaut Mae Jemison. IFLScience. (2016, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inspectors General: Information on Resources and Selected Accomplishments of 18 Inspectors General. AIMD-00-149RWashington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; April 14, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skiold-Hanlin S. Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis. Doctoral DissertationSouthern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Free-Speech Case Divides Bush and Religious Right. New York Times, March 18, 2007, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCath Lab Digest
ISSN (print)1073-2667

Other styles