How to format your references using the FEMS Microbiology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Microbiology Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. Fresh analyses put rice genomics on the map. Nature 2002;420:259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner G, Zamore PD. A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex. Science 2002;297:2056–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Newell RG, Pizer WA, Raimi D. Environmental economics. Carbon market lessons and global policy outlook. Science 2014;343:1316–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen Q, Wei C, Zhang Y et al. Single-crystalline hyperbranched nanostructure of iron hydroxyl phosphate Fe5(PO4)4(OH)3·2H2O for highly selective capture of phosphopeptides. Sci Rep 2014;4:3753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dooner DB. Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
Garay JA, Prisco RD eds. Security and Cryptography for Networks: 7th International Conference, SCN 2010, Amalfi, Italy, September 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Loth MA. Courts in Search of Legitimacy: the Case of Wrongful Life. In: Sellers M (ed.). Autonomy: In the Law. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008, 73–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Microbiology Reviews.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Fizzing Lakes May Explain “Magic Islands” On Saturn’s Moon Titan. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. B-2 Bomber: Review of the Air Force’s Decision to Change Extremely High Frequency Satellite Communications Antennas. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okafor-Dike LC. The effect of leadership on economic development: A case study of Nigeria. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J. He Accosted a Runner. Now He’s Angry. New York Times. August 7, 2016:SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2002; Hutvágner and Zamore 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutvágner and Zamore 2002)
  • Three authors: (Newell, Pizer and Raimi 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Microbiology Reviews
AbbreviationFEMS Microbiol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0168-6445
ISSN (online)1574-6976
ScopeMicrobiology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles