How to format your references using the Journal of Ginseng Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ginseng Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ooi T. Chemistry. Heat and light switch a chiral catalyst and its products. Science 2011;331:1395–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams WM, Ceci SJ. Recruiters and academia. Academics worry about hiring “undiscovered geniuses.” Nature 2005;435:534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishizawa N, Setoguchi H, Yanagisawa K. Structural evolution of calcite at high temperatures: phase V unveiled. Sci Rep 2013;3:2832.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mol CD, Izumi T, Mitra S, Tainer JA. DNA-bound structures and mutants reveal abasic DNA binding by APE1 and DNA repair coordination [corrected]. Nature 2000;403:451–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Cavalieri P, editor. Philosophy and the Politics of Animal Liberation. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Salati E, Dourojeanni M, Mundim A, Sampaio G, Lovejoy T. The Brazilian Amazon. In: Hilty JA, Chester CC, Cross MS, editors. Climate and Conservation: Landscape and Seascape Science, Planning, and Action, Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2012, p. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ginseng Research.

Blog post
Davis J. Scientists Confirm That People do Actually Age at Different Rates. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Aging Federal Laboratories Need Repairs and Upgrades. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez SE. Ideal leadership practices in Head Start: Understanding leadership from the perspectives of directors and teachers. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. Embracing Miami’s Past And Future. New York Times 2013:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ginseng Research
AbbreviationJ. Ginseng Res.
ISSN (print)1226-8453
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Complementary and alternative medicine

Other styles