How to format your references using the Journal of Ginseng Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ginseng Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Abraham S. Climate. The Bush administration’s approach to climate change. Science 2004;305:616–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
O’Neill JS, Reddy AB. Circadian clocks in human red blood cells. Nature 2011;469:498–503.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yu F, Ma J, Han S. Adsorption of tetracycline from aqueous solutions onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes with different oxygen contents. Sci Rep 2014;4:5326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Mortlock DJ, Warren SJ, Venemans BP, Patel M, Hewett PC, McMahon RG, et al. A luminous quasar at a redshift of z = 7.085. Nature 2011;474:616–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Mayorga RV, Perlovsky LI, editors. Toward Artificial Sapience: Principles and Methods for Wise Systems. London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chimiak-Opoka J. Measuring UML Models Using Metrics Defined in OCL within the SQUAM Framework. In: Whittle J, Clark T, Kühne T, editors. Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems: 14th International Conference, MODELS 2011, Wellington, New Zealand, October 16-21, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ginseng Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Here’s What You Need To Know About Protein Supplements. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/here-s-what-you-need-know-about-protein-supplements/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Costs and Uses of Remote Sensing Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kelleher A. Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Healy P. ‘Brexit’ Revolt Casts a Shadow Over Clinton’s Path of Caution. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ginseng Research
AbbreviationJ. Ginseng Res.
ISSN (print)1226-8453
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Biotechnology
Complementary and alternative medicine

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