How to format your references using the Journal of Ginseng Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ginseng Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pauwels E. Communication: Mind the metaphor. Nature 2013;500:523–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kleinberg J, Lawrence S. Network analysis. The structure of the Web. Science 2001;294:1849–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pettinato G, Wen X, Zhang N. Formation of well-defined embryoid bodies from dissociated human induced pluripotent stem cells using microfabricated cell-repellent microwell arrays. Sci Rep 2014;4:7402.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zheng H, Smith RK, Jun Y-W, Kisielowski C, Dahmen U, Alivisatos AP. Observation of single colloidal platinum nanocrystal growth trajectories. Science 2009;324:1309–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Jaitly R. Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Soetaert K. Solving Differential Equations in R. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chaban VV. Estrogen Modulation of Visceral Nociception. In: Ritsner MS, Weizman A, editors. Neuroactive Steroids in Brain Function, Behavior and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Novel Strategies for Research and Treatment, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 89–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ginseng Research.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Giant Galaxy Expels Star Cluster. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/giant-galaxy-expels-star-cluster/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Oil and Gas Transportation: Department of Transportation Is Taking Actions to Address Rail Safety, but Additional Actions Are Needed to Improve Pipeline Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fischer D. Psychology and people living with hiv/aids: A critical review of the literature. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. The Son of Joseph. New York Times 2017:C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ginseng Research
AbbreviationJ. Ginseng Res.
ISSN (print)1226-8453
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Biotechnology
Complementary and alternative medicine

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