How to format your references using the Case Studies in Thermal Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies in Thermal Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
M. Cuntz, Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard, Nature. 477 (2011) 547–548.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
J.C. Carrington, V. Ambros, Role of microRNAs in plant and animal development, Science. 301 (2003) 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
J.L.W. Morgan, J. Strumillo, J. Zimmer, Crystallographic snapshot of cellulose synthesis and membrane translocation, Nature. 493 (2013) 181–186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
L. Paterson, M.P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P.E. Bryant, K. Dholakia, Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles, Science. 292 (2001) 912–914.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
L. Bertolini, B. Elsener, P. Pedeferri, R.B. Polder, Corrosion of Steel in Concrete, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2003.
An edited book
[1]
A. Fives, K. Breen, eds., Philosophy and Political Engagement: Reflection in the Public Sphere, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
L. Mader, The Intergovernmental Relations in Switzerland, in: A. López-Basaguren, L. Escajedo San Epifanio (Eds.), The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain: Volume 2, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies in Thermal Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Immunizing Frogs Against a Killer Fungus, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/immunizing-frogs-against-killer-fungus/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Agreed-Upon Procedures: Excise Taxes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
G. Sanchez, An educational program to support Latina teen mothers: A grant proposal project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Kaplan, Ladies’ Man, New York Times. (2013) MM44.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
AbbreviationCase Stud. Therm. Eng.
ISSN (print)2214-157X
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Engineering (miscellaneous)

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