How to format your references using the Italian Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2000) Charm, not tact, aided pioneer in fight for physics. Nature 403:586–587
A journal article with 2 authors
Armakolas A, Klar AJS (2006) Cell type regulates selective segregation of mouse chromosome 7 DNA strands in mitosis. Science 311:1146–1149
A journal article with 3 authors
Smothers JF, Henikoff S, Carter P (2002) Tech.Sight. Phage display. Affinity selection from biological libraries. Science 298:621–622
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cernilogar FM, Onorati MC, Kothe GO, et al (2011) Chromatin-associated RNA interference components contribute to transcriptional regulation in Drosophila. Nature 480:391–395

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms (2014) TMS 2014 Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fichet B, Piccolo D, Verde R, Vichi M (eds) (2011) Classification and Multivariate Analysis for Complex Data Structures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fenner S, Green F, Homer S, Zhang Y (2005) Bounds on the Power of Constant-Depth Quantum Circuits. In: Liśkiewicz M, Reischuk R (eds) Fundamentals of Computation Theory: 15th International Symposium, FCT 2005, Lübeck, Germany, August 17-20, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 44–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Economic Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Worldwide Cyberattack Stopped After Sole Researcher Accidentally Discovers Kill Switch. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Elementary School Children: Many Change Schools Frequently, Harming Their Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
France KA (2015) Triadic Supervision: An Exploration of Supervisors’ Perceptions, Experiences and Practices. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser B, Schwirtz M (2017) Prison Guards Will Not Be Charged in an Inmate’s Death in 2015, Prosecutors Say. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Armakolas and Klar 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armakolas and Klar 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Cernilogar et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Economic Journal
AbbreviationItal. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)2199-322X
ISSN (online)2199-3238

Other styles