How to format your references using the Italian Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holt T (2000) Subpoenaed in Syracuse. Nature 407:841
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers ML, Olson CR (2012) In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value. Science 338:132–135
A journal article with 3 authors
Tagkopoulos I, Liu Y-C, Tavazoie S (2008) Predictive behavior within microbial genetic networks. Science 320:1313–1317
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bahar F, Pratt-Szeliga PC, Angus S, et al (2014) Describing Myxococcus xanthus aggregation using Ostwald ripening equations for thin liquid films. Sci Rep 4:6376

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli JR (2013) Detecting Fraud in Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Naccache D (ed) (2012) Cryptography and Security: From Theory to Applications: Essays Dedicated to Jean-Jacques Quisquater on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kafle M (2014) EAP in Nepal. In: Liyanage I, Walker T (eds) English for Academic Purposes (EAP) in Asia: Negotiating Appropriate Practices in a Global Context. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 51–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Economic Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Ozone Depletion Could Have Been Much Worse. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/ozone-depletion-could-have-been-much-worse/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Management of Northeast Corridor Improvements Demonstrates Need for Applying Best Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tarar WA (2008) A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005) Arts, Briefly; Bolshoi Opens Controversial Opera. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rakic 2004; Hynes 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leathers and Olson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chenu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Economic Journal
AbbreviationItal. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)2199-322X
ISSN (online)2199-3238
Scope

Other styles