How to format your references using the Italian Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Squires JE (2002) Artificial blood. Science 295:1002–1005
A journal article with 2 authors
Bastow R, Dean C (2003) Plant sciences. Deciding when to flower. Science 302:1695–1696
A journal article with 3 authors
Allen M, Raper S, Mitchell J (2001) Climate change. Uncertainty in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report. Science 293:430–433
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Salge JR, Dreyer BJ, Dauenhauer PJ, Schmidt LD (2006) Renewable hydrogen from nonvolatile fuels by reactive flash volatilization. Science 314:801–804

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle W (2017) Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Kirkpatrick A, Sussex R (eds) (2012) English as an International Language in Asia: Implications for Language Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Broere F, Berlo SE, Guichelaar T, et al (2010) HSP Reactive T Cells are Anti-Inflammatory and Disease Suppressive in Arthritic Diseases. In: Asea AAA, Pedersen BK (eds) Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Physiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 85–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Economic Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Fossils From Unknown Species Of Human Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) NASA Maintenance: Stronger Commitment Needed to Curb Facility Deterioration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurley JC (2010) The use of edge detection techniques to analyze thoracoabdominal movement and infer breathing volume. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Weigh In on Use Of Tapes and Transcripts. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Squires 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Squires 2002; Bastow and Dean 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bastow and Dean 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Salge et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Economic Journal
AbbreviationItal. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)2199-322X
ISSN (online)2199-3238

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