How to format your references using the Italian Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G (2003) French minister breaks diplomatic ice with visit to US. Nature 422:551
A journal article with 2 authors
Conte MH, Weber JC (2002) Plant biomarkers in aerosols record isotopic discrimination of terrestrial photosynthesis. Nature 417:639–641
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Tonder GJ, Lyons MJ, Ejima Y (2002) Visual structure of a Japanese Zen garden. Nature 419:359–360
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Parlati F, McNew JA, Fukuda R, et al (2000) Topological restriction of SNARE-dependent membrane fusion. Nature 407:194–198

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gelbaum BR (1995) Modern Real and Complex Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Harteis C, Rausch A, Seifried J (eds) (2014) Discourses on Professional Learning: On the Boundary Between Learning and Working. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Obando SE, Avitabile P (2014) Prediction of Forced Response on Ancillary Subsystem Components Attached to Reduced Linear Systems. In: Allen M, Mayes R, Rixen D (eds) Dynamics of Coupled Structures, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Economic Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Struggling To Stay Healthy In 2017? Bad Marketing Could Be To Blame. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Evaluations of Even Start Family Literacy Program Effectiveness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Annan F (2012) Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) A Tempest in a Bourbon Bottle. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Conte and Weber 2002; Brumfiel 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conte and Weber 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Parlati et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Economic Journal
AbbreviationItal. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)2199-322X
ISSN (online)2199-3238

Other styles