How to format your references using the Italian Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyerowitz EM (2002) Plants compared to animals: the broadest comparative study of development. Science 295:1482–1485
A journal article with 2 authors
Humler E, Besse J (2002) A correlation between mid-ocean-ridge basalt chemistry and distance to continents. Nature 419:607–609
A journal article with 3 authors
Kotera E, Tasaka M, Shikanai T (2005) A pentatricopeptide repeat protein is essential for RNA editing in chloroplasts. Nature 433:326–330
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Iwata N, Tsubuki S, Takaki Y, et al (2001) Metabolic regulation of brain Abeta by neprilysin. Science 292:1550–1552

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo JB, Lin S-C (2002) Low-Voltage SOI CMOS VLSI Devices and Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Holt TJ (2016) Data Thieves in Action: Examining the International Market for Stolen Personal Information. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Appel C, Guerrero RG (2006) Finding Common Ground in LSP: A Computer-Mediated Communication Project. In: Macià EA, Cervera AS, Ramos CR (eds) Information Technology in Languages for Specific Purposes: Issues and Prospects. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 75–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Economic Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Things You Were Taught At School That Are Wrong. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/things-you-were-taught-at-school-that-are-wrong/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Better Address Port Cybersecurity. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faello JP (2012) Is strong corporate governance associated with informative income smoothing? Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee V, Cowan AL (2013) Skakel Lawyer, In a TV Twist, Is Talk Fodder. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyerowitz 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Meyerowitz 2002; Humler and Besse 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Humler and Besse 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwata et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Economic Journal
AbbreviationItal. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)2199-322X
ISSN (online)2199-3238
Scope

Other styles