How to format your references using the International Journal of Art Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Art Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk, J. B. (2014). Animal behaviour: The evolutionary roots of lethal conflict. Nature, 513(7518), 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deckert, R., & Dameris, M. (2008). Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5898), 53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, J. M., Horowitz, T. S., & Kenner, N. M. (2005). Cognitive psychology: rare items often missed in visual searches. Nature, 435(7041), 439–440.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ejlerskov, K. T., Jensen, S. M., Christensen, L. B., Ritz, C., Michaelsen, K. F., & Mølgaard, C. (2014). Prediction of fat-free body mass from bioelectrical impedance and anthropometry among 3-year-old children using DXA. Scientific Reports, 4, 3889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner, J. E., Downing, D. J., & Bogard, J. S. (2012). Statistical Methods in Radiation Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pommier, Y. (Ed.). (2012). DNA Topoisomerases and Cancer (1st ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vlachou, A., Doulkeridis, C., Nørvåg, K., & Kotidis, Y. (2012). Query Operators. In C. Doulkeridis, K. Nørvåg, & Y. Kotidis (Eds.), Peer-to-Peer Query Processing over Multidimensional Data (pp. 23–30). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Art Therapy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, June 12). Crowds Get Wiser When They Talk To Each Other. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Information on the National School Safety Center (GGD-85-74). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hurwitz, B. L. (2012). Viral community dynamics and functional specialization in the Pacific Ocean [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, May 10). Seven Museums, Each Offering a Deadly Sin. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Deckert & Dameris, 2008; Silk, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deckert & Dameris, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Wolfe et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ejlerskov et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Art Therapy
AbbreviationInt. J. Art Ther.
ISSN (print)1745-4832
ISSN (online)1745-4840
Clinical Psychology

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