How to format your references using the International Journal of Art Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Art Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craighead, H. (2006). Future lab-on-a-chip technologies for interrogating individual molecules. Nature, 442(7101), 387–393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart, D. J., & Winzeler, E. A. (2000). Genomics, gene expression and DNA arrays. Nature, 405(6788), 827–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daeschler, E. B., Shubin, N. H., & Jenkins, F. A., Jr. (2006). A Devonian tetrapod-like fish and the evolution of the tetrapod body plan. Nature, 440(7085), 757–763.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, L., Zhou, S., Gu, L., Gell, D. A., Mackay, J. P., Weiss, M. J., Gow, A. J., & Shi, Y. (2005). Structure of oxidized alpha-haemoglobin bound to AHSP reveals a protective mechanism for haem. Nature, 435(7042), 697–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinet, J. (2014). Information Retrieval in Digital Environments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Deb, A. (2016). Analysis and Identification of Time-Invariant Systems, Time-Varying Systems, and Multi-Delay Systems using Orthogonal Hybrid Functions: Theory and Algorithms with MATLAB® (S. Roychoudhury & G. Sarkar, Eds.; Vol. 46). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alves, V., Matos, P., Jr., Cole, L., Vasconcelos, A., Borba, P., & Ramalho, G. (2007). Extracting and Evolving Code in Product Lines with Aspect-Oriented Programming. In A. Rashid & M. Aksit (Eds.), Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development IV (pp. 117–142). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Art Therapy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 10). Sidewinder Robot Scales Sandy Slopes With Ease. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association (HRD-84-51). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manjounes, C. K. (2010). An adult accelerated degree program: Student and instructor perspectives and factors that affect retention [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2017, July 14). Two Different Cultures, One Modern Marriage. New York Times, ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craighead, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Craighead, 2006; Lockhart & Winzeler, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lockhart & Winzeler, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Daeschler et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Art Therapy
AbbreviationInt. J. Art Ther.
ISSN (print)1745-4832
ISSN (online)1745-4840
Clinical Psychology

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