How to format your references using the International Journal of Art Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Art Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2008). Science & music: facing the music. Nature, 453(7192), 160–162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junquera, J., & Ghosez, P. (2003). Critical thickness for ferroelectricity in perovskite ultrathin films. Nature, 422(6931), 506–509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin, Q., Jacobsen, S. B., & Yamashita, K. (2002). Diverse supernova sources of pre-solar material inferred from molybdenum isotopes in meteorites. Nature, 415(6874), 881–883.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liou, T.-H., Huang, S.-W., Lin, J.-W., Chang, Y.-S., Wu, C.-W., & Lin, H.-W. (2014). Risk of stroke in patients with rheumatism: a nationwide longitudinal population-based study. Scientific Reports, 4, 5110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeod, L. E. (2016). Leading with Noble Purpose. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ostwald, M. J. (2016). The Fractal Dimension of Architecture (J. Vaughan, Ed.; Vol. 1). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Schanzenberger, A., Lawrence, D. R., & Kirsche, T. (2005). Enhancing Project Management for Periodic Data Production Management. In R. Meersman, Z. Tari, & P. Herrero (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 9–11). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Art Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 8). Watch The Funniest Interview Of Stephen Hawking Ever. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Agencies’ Reporting of Mission-Critical Classified Systems (AIMD-99-218). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai, C.-N. (2012). A simulation study of hierarchical wireless sensor networks [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (1999, November 8). Letting Nothing Stop the Streak. New York Times, F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2008; Junquera & Ghosez, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junquera & Ghosez, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Yin et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Art Therapy
AbbreviationInt. J. Art Ther.
ISSN (print)1745-4832
ISSN (online)1745-4840
Clinical Psychology

Other styles