How to format your references using the AAPS PharmSciTech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPS PharmSciTech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Prieto GA. Geophysics. Imaging the deep Earth. Science. 2012;338:1037–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lu Y, Conrad R. In situ stable isotope probing of methanogenic archaea in the rice rhizosphere. Science. 2005;309:1088–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ganesh G, Osu R, Naito E. Feeling the force: returning haptic signals influence effort inference during motor coordination. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2648.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van Riel D, Munster VJ, de Wit E, Rimmelzwaan GF, Fouchier RAM, Osterhaus ADME, et al. H5N1 Virus Attachment to Lower Respiratory Tract. Science. 2006;312:399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bock R. Handbuch der analytisch-chemischen Aufschlussmethoden. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Dea C. JavaFX 8: Introduction by Example. Second Edition. Heckler M, Grunwald G, Pereda J, Phillips SM, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dypvik H, Smelror M, Mørk A, Werner SC, Torsvik TH. Impact Cratering and Post-impact Sedimentation. In: Tsikalas F, Dypvik H, Smelror M, editors. The Mjølnir Impact Event and its Consequences: Geology and Geophysics of a Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous Marine Impact Event. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 139–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPS PharmSciTech.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Are We Still Searching For The Loch Ness Monster? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/why-are-we-still-searching-loch-ness-monster/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Sep. Report No.: 131721.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Roy Chowdhury T. Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Warming Up to a Cold Run. New York Times. 2011 Feb 11;C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPS PharmSciTech
AbbreviationAAPS PharmSciTech
ISSN (online)1530-9932
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology
General Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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