How to format your references using the AAPS PharmSciTech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPS PharmSciTech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cresko WA. Evolution. Armor development and fitness. Science. 2008;322:204–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Petro JB, Relman DA. Public health. Understanding threats to scientific openness. Science. 2003;302:1898.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. González MC, Hidalgo CA, Barabási A-L. Understanding individual human mobility patterns. Nature. 2008;453:779–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jonkheijm P, van der Schoot P, Schenning APHJ, Meijer EW. Probing the solvent-assisted nucleation pathway in chemical self-assembly. Science. 2006;313:80–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bender HF. Das Gefahrstoffbuch. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2002.
An edited book
1. Koh H-J, Kwon S-Y, Thomson M, editors. Current Technologies in Plant Molecular Breeding: A Guide Book of Plant Molecular Breeding for Researchers. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tempelmeier T. Teaching ‘Concepts of Programming Languages’ with Ada. In: Brorsson M, Pinho LM, editors. Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2012: 17th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11-15, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 60–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPS PharmSciTech.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Why Do All Planetary Rings Follow This Elegant Mathematical Law? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/why-do-all-planetary-rings-follow-elegant-mathematical-law/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Jun. Report No.: GAO-10-519.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Weisblatt BH. The numinous on Russian soil: A depth psychological interpretation of religious experience in “The Brothers Karamazov” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Long Live the Prince. New York Times. 2017 Apr 11;BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPS PharmSciTech
AbbreviationAAPS PharmSciTech
ISSN (online)1530-9932
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology
General Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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