How to format your references using the AAPS PharmSciTech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPS PharmSciTech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Neuzil CE. Osmotic generation of “anomalous” fluid pressures in geological environments. Nature. 2000;403:182–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bull JJ, Parrish CR. Microbiology. A binding contract for anthrax. Science. 2002;297:201–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Puckett JG, Kelley DH, Ouellette NT. Searching for effective forces in laboratory insect swarms. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4766.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vandersypen LM, Steffen M, Breyta G, Yannoni CS, Sherwood MH, Chuang IL. Experimental realization of Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm using nuclear magnetic resonance. Nature. 2001;414:883–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Anderson J, Gaare M, Holguín J, Bailey N, Pratley T. Professional Clojure. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Modgil S, Oren N, Toni F, editors. Theorie and Applications of Formal Argumentation: First International Workshop, TAFA 2011. Barcelona, Spain, July 16-17, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hou Y-J. Taiwanese EFLs’ Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategy and Reading Comprehension. In: Schmorrow DD, Fidopiastis CM, editors. Foundations of Augmented Cognition: 7th International Conference, AC 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPS PharmSciTech.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. One Quarter Of The World Will Be Powered By Renewable Energy By 2020 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/one-quarter-world-will-be-powered-renewable-energy-2020/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. IT Dashboard: Agencies Are Managing Investment Risk, but Related Ratings Need to Be More Accurate and Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Dec. Report No.: GAO-14-64.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Darwich MK. Cost-Efficient Video On Demand (VOD) Streaming Using Cloud Services [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. The Way We Were (and Are and Could Be). New York Times. 2017 Jan 19;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPS PharmSciTech
AbbreviationAAPS PharmSciTech
ISSN (online)1530-9932
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology
General Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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