How to format your references using the Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts, C., 2004, “Immunology. The Bell Tolls for Phagosome Maturation,” Science, 304(5673), pp. 976–977.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayer, R., and Colgrove, J., 2002, “Public Health vs. Civil Liberties,” Science, 297(5588), p. 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hembacher, S., Giessibl, F. J., and Mannhart, J., 2004, “Force Microscopy with Light-Atom Probes,” Science, 305(5682), pp. 380–383.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martin, M. S., Theodore, N. D., Wei, C.-C., and Shao, L., 2014, “Physical Assembly of Ag Nanocrystals on Enclosed Surfaces in Monocrystalline Si,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2015, Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brooks, A. J., Clasper, J., Midwinter, M., Hodgetts, T. J., and Mahoney, P. F., eds., 2011, Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide, Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T. J., and Zwinderman, A. H., 2014, “Ordinal Scaling for Clinical Scores with Inconsistent Intervals (900 Patients with Different Levels of Health),” Machine Learning in Medicine - Cookbook Three, A.H. Zwinderman, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015, “Finland To Build The World’s First Permanent Nuclear Waste Disposable Facility,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992, Nonfederal Student Loans, HRD-93-1R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villegas, B., 2009, “The Optimization and Characterization of Superconducting Magnesium Diboride Thin Films,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017, “A Respected Figure, Undone by His Lies,” New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med.
ISSN (print)1949-2944
ISSN (online)1949-2952
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
General Medicine

Other styles