How to format your references using the Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall, K. B., 2014, “Molecular Biology: Protein Binding Cannot Subdue a Lively RNA,” Nature, 506(7488), pp. 303–304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finkelstein, I., and Piasetzky, E., 2003, “Comment on ‘14C Dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age Chronology, Pharaohs, and Hebrew Kings,’” Science, 302(5645), pp. 568; author reply 568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernevig, B. A., Hughes, T. L., and Zhang, S.-C., 2006, “Quantum Spin Hall Effect and Topological Phase Transition in HgTe Quantum Wells,” Science, 314(5806), pp. 1757–1761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Varricchio, D. J., Moore, J. R., Erickson, G. M., Norell, M. A., Jackson, F. D., and Borkowski, J. J., 2008, “Avian Paternal Care Had Dinosaur Origin,” Science, 322(5909), pp. 1826–1828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiman, J., 2012, As Free and as Just as Possible, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cao, L., Motoda, H., Srivastava, J., Lim, E.-P., King, I., Yu, P. S., Nejdl, W., Xu, G., Li, G., and Zhang, Y., eds., 2013, Behavior and Social Computing: International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, April 14-17, 2013 and International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Thorne, C., and Griffiths, C., 2014, “Smart, Smarter, Smartest: Redefining Our Cities,” Smart City: How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space, R.P. Dameri, and C. Rosenthal-Sabroux, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 89–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014, “Newly Discovered Plant ‘Eats’ Heavy Metal,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015, Federal Aviation Administration: Improved Tracking of Results Needed to Provide Confidence in Benefits of Streamlining Activities, GAO-15-247, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahmud, S., 2017, “Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., and Kirkpatrick, D. D., 2007, “Justices Loosen Ad Restrictions In Campaign Law,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med.
ISSN (print)1949-2944
ISSN (online)1949-2952
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
General Medicine

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