How to format your references using the Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harnad, S., 2001, “The Self-Archiving Initiative,” Nature, 410(6832), pp. 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dai, X., and Huang, N., 2014, “Numerical Simulation of Drifting Snow Sublimation in the Saltation Layer,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine, M., Szuromi, P., and Coontz, R., 2011, “Materials for Grid Energy. Electricity Now and When. Introduction,” Science, 334(6058), p. 921.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Perez-Garcia, V., Fineberg, E., Wilson, R., Murray, A., Mazzeo, C. I., Tudor, C., Sienerth, A., White, J. K., Tuck, E., Ryder, E. J., Gleeson, D., Siragher, E., Wardle-Jones, H., Staudt, N., Wali, N., Collins, J., Geyer, S., Busch-Nentwich, E. M., Galli, A., Smith, J. C., Robertson, E., Adams, D. J., Weninger, W. J., Mohun, T., and Hemberger, M., 2018, “Placentation Defects Are Highly Prevalent in Embryonic Lethal Mouse Mutants,” Nature, 555(7697), pp. 463–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stidwill, D., and Fletcher, R., 2010, Normal Binocular Vision, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Bischof, C., Hegering, H.-G., Nagel, W. E., and Wittum, G., eds., 2012, Competence in High Performance Computing 2010: Proceedings of an International Conference on Competence in High Performance Computing, June 2010, Schloss Schwetzingen, Germany, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakakibara, Y., and Sato, K., 2009, “Sequence and Structural Analyses for Functional Non-Coding RNAs,” Algorithmic Bioprocesses, A. Condon, D. Harel, J.N. Kok, A. Salomaa, and E. Winfree, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016, “The Perils Of A Life In Isolation,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010, America COMPETES Act: It Is Too Early to Evaluate Programs Long-Term Effectiveness, but Agencies Could Improve Reporting of High-Risk, High-Reward Research Priorities, GAO-11-127R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wetherington, J. M., 2010, “The Relationship between Learning Organization Dimensions and Performance in the Nonprofit Sector,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F., 2005, “Climbing the Walls Beats Cabin Fever,” New York Times, p. 14LI16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med.
ISSN (print)1949-2944
ISSN (online)1949-2952
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
General Medicine

Other styles