How to format your references using the Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M., 2013, “The Spine,” Nature, 503(7475), p. S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Angelis, H., and Skvarca, P., 2003, “Glacier Surge after Ice Shelf Collapse,” Science, 299(5612), pp. 1560–1562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naylor, R. L., Williams, S. L., and Strong, D. R., 2001, “Ecology. Aquaculture--a Gateway for Exotic Species,” Science, 294(5547), pp. 1655–1656.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tahiliani, M., Mei, P., Fang, R., Leonor, T., Rutenberg, M., Shimizu, F., Li, J., Rao, A., and Shi, Y., 2007, “The Histone H3K4 Demethylase SMCX Links REST Target Genes to X-Linked Mental Retardation,” Nature, 447(7144), pp. 601–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W., and Pamela, B., 2017, The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Mathur, S., ed., 2014, Trade, the WTO and Energy Security: Mapping the Linkages for India, Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
van Breda, W., Pastor, J., Hoogendoorn, M., Ruwaard, J., Asselbergs, J., and Riper, H., 2016, “Exploring and Comparing Machine Learning Approaches for Predicting Mood Over Time,” Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare 2016, Y.-W. Chen, S. Tanaka, R.J. Howlett, and L.C. Jain, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014, “Why Do We Yawn?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990, Energy R&D: DOE’s Allocation of Funds for Basic and Applied Research and Development, RCED-90-148BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, M. W., 2017, “The Louisiana Teacher Assault Pay Statute: An Analysis of Court Decisions Interpreting the Statute and a Comparative Study of Teacher Assault Pay Statutes in Other States,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Davis, J. H., and Kelly, K., 2017, “Scrutiny for Architects Of President’s Tax Plan,” New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med.
ISSN (print)1949-2944
ISSN (online)1949-2952
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
General Medicine

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