How to format your references using the Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pyne, S. J., 2001, “Essays on Science and Society. The Fires This Time, and Next,” Science, 294(5544), pp. 1005–1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keefe, A. D., and Szostak, J. W., 2001, “Functional Proteins from a Random-Sequence Library,” Nature, 410(6829), pp. 715–718.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dragert, G., Wang, K., and James, T. S., 2001, “A Silent Slip Event on the Deeper Cascadia Subduction Interface,” Science, 292(5521), pp. 1525–1528.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lv, X., Jiang, H., Li, B., Liang, Q., Wang, S., Zhao, Q., and Jiao, J., 2014, “The Crucial Role of Atg5 in Cortical Neurogenesis during Early Brain Development,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannon, C. M., 2011, An Executive’s Guide to Fundraising Operations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hescheler, J., and Hofer, E., eds., 2014, Adult and Pluripotent Stem Cells: Potential for Regenerative Medicine of the Cardiovascular System, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Rouan, D., 2011, “Ablation,” Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, M. Gargaud, R. Amils, J.C. Quintanilla, H.J. (jim) Cleaves, W.M. Irvine, D.L. Pinti, and M. Viso, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 3–3.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013, “Traces of Atmospheric Water Found on Five Exoplanets,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, Transportation Security: Key Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Mass Transit and Passenger Rail Security, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Federal Strategy and Programs, GAO-09-678, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dovale, M. J., 2013, “Postwar Japan’s Hybrid Modernity of in-Betweenness: Historical, Literary, and Social Perspectives,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006, “Supreme Court Set to Weigh Central Election-Law Issues,” New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med.
ISSN (print)1949-2944
ISSN (online)1949-2952
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
General Medicine

Other styles