How to format your references using the Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, C. J., 2009, “Microbiology. Getting in Touch with Your Friends,” Science, 324(5931), pp. 1150–1151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spero, H. J., and Lea, D. W., 2002, “The Cause of Carbon Isotope Minimum Events on Glacial Terminations,” Science, 296(5567), pp. 522–525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, K., Malinina, L., and Patel, D. J., 2003, “Recognition of Small Interfering RNA by a Viral Suppressor of RNA Silencing,” Nature, 426(6968), pp. 874–878.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dian, B. C., Brown, G. G., Douglass, K. O., and Pate, B. H., 2008, “Measuring Picosecond Isomerization Kinetics via Broadband Microwave Spectroscopy,” Science, 320(5878), pp. 924–928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu, Q. A., and Madden, T. L., 2011, Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Iguchi, M., 2011, Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes: Gas-Liquid Systems, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Deakin, M., Campbell, F., Reid, A., and Orsinger, J., 2014, “Systems,” The Mass Retrofitting of an Energy Efficient—Low Carbon Zone, F. Campbell, A. Reid, and J. Orsinger, eds., Springer, London, pp. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “Biodegradable Plastics From Waste Methane,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987, The Army’s Risk Assessment of Chemical Munitions Transportation, T-NSIAD-88-2, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka, J., 2010, “The Importance of Being a Complement: CED Effects Revisited,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borjas, G., 2017, “The Immigration Debate We Need,” New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med.
ISSN (print)1949-2944
ISSN (online)1949-2952
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
General Materials Science
General Medicine

Other styles