How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petroff, Y. 2004. “Physics. The electronic structure of liquid lead.” Science, 306 (5705): 2200–2201.
A journal article with 2 authors
le Noble, F., and J. le Noble. 2014. “Bone biology: Vessels of rejuvenation.” Nature, 507 (7492): 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, J. S., O. Rivoire, and S. Leibler. 2009. “Simpson’s paradox in a synthetic microbial system.” Science, 323 (5911): 272–275.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jarosz, E., D. A. Mitchell, D. W. Wang, and W. J. Teague. 2007. “Bottom-up determination of air-sea momentum exchange under a major tropical cyclone.” Science, 315 (5819): 1707–1709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D. 2009. God, Evil, and Design. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Minker, W. 2009. Incorporating Knowledge Sources into Statistical Speech Recognition. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, (S. Nakamura, K. Markov, and S. Sakti, eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Jordan, P. 2013. “Analysis techniques for aeroacoustics: noise source identification.” Noise Sources in Turbulent Shear Flows: Fundamentals and Applications, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, R. Camussi, ed., 197–287. Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. “These Four Astronauts Will Fly New Private Spacecraft For NASA In 2017.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Grant Administration: Implementation of National Endowment for the Arts Reauthorization Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ledgister, N. L. 2015. “A study of transformational leadership and job satisfaction among leaders in Jamaica Baptist Union churches.” Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. 2000. “On Way to Rout, Liberty Wins at the Free-Throw Line.” New York Times, June 19, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petroff 2004).
This sentence cites two references (le Noble and le Noble 2014; Petroff 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (le Noble and le Noble 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Jarosz et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-947X
ISSN (online)1943-5436
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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