How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, D. M. (2007). “Neuroscience. Synapses here and not everywhere.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 907–908.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonadonna, F., and Nevitt, G. A. (2004). “Partner-specific odor recognition in an Antarctic seabird.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Minai, L., Yeheskely-Hayon, D., and Yelin, D. (2013). “High levels of reactive oxygen species in gold nanoparticle-targeted cancer cells following femtosecond pulse irradiation.” Scientific reports, 3, 2146.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Minamino, T., Morimoto, Y. V., Kinoshita, M., Aldridge, P. D., and Namba, K. (2014). “The bacterial flagellar protein export apparatus processively transports flagellar proteins even with extremely infrequent ATP hydrolysis.” Scientific reports, 4, 7579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burkinshaw, S. M. (2016). Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bonavida, B. (Ed.). (2013). Resistance to Immunotherapeutic Antibodies in Cancer: Strategies to Overcome Resistance. Resistance to Targeted Anti-Cancer Therapeutics, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Brand, K.-W. (2011). “Sociological Perspectives on Sustainability Communication.” Sustainability Communication: Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Theoretical Foundation, J. Godemann and G. Michelsen, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). “New Zealand Aims To Completely Eradicate All Introduced Mammalian Predators By 2050.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott, D. (2010). “Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K. (2014). “Coaxing Fire and Police Staffs in Arizona to Cut Own Pensions.” New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bonadonna and Nevitt 2004; Miller 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonadonna and Nevitt 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Minamino et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-947X
ISSN (online)1943-5436
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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