How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andersson, S. G. E. 2006. “Genetics. The bacterial world gets smaller.” Science, 314 (5797): 259–260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hart, D. M., and L. M. Branscomb. 2000. “Research, innovation and politics.” Nature, 407 (6804): 561–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, A., C. Dennis, and P. Campbell. 2007. “Nature’s guide for mentors.” Nature, 447 (7146): 791–797.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schurig, D., J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith. 2006. “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies.” Science, 314 (5801): 977–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrega, P. 2010. Geographical Information and Climatology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lucey, T. A. 2015. A Critically Compassionate Approach to Financial Literacy. (M. F. Agnello and J. D. Laney, eds.). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Ogawa, K., E. Sterken, and I. Tokutsu. 2009. “Multiple Bank Relationships and the Main Bank System: Evidence from a Matched Sample of Japanese Small Firms and Main Banks.” The Economics of Imperfect Markets: The Effects of Market Imperfections on Economic Decision-Making, Contributions to Economics, G. Calcagnini and E. Saltari, eds., 73–90. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “DNA Strands Used To Create Origami Nanobots Inside Cockroaches.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minger, L. 2017. “Examining Education Leadership Communication Practices around Basic and Advanced Skill Sets: A Multiple Case Study.” Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2008. “Court Looks at Legal Role for Mentally Ill.” New York Times, March 27, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Andersson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Andersson 2006; Hart and Branscomb 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hart and Branscomb 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Schurig et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-947X
ISSN (online)1943-5436
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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