How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Visbeck, M. 2007. “Oceanography: power of pull.” Nature, 447 (7143): 383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guydosh, N. R., and S. M. Block. 2009. “Direct observation of the binding state of the kinesin head to the microtubule.” Nature, 461 (7260): 125–128.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang, S. M., M. Burke, and E. Miguel. 2013. “Quantifying the influence of climate on human conflict.” Science, 341 (6151): 1235367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, J.-X., Y.-J. Wang, W. Zhang, N.-X. Wang, C.-B. Bai, Y.-L. Xing, Y.-H. Li, and J.-L. Wen. 2014. “Selective nickel- and manganese-catalyzed decarboxylative cross coupling of some α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids with cyclic ethers.” Sci. Rep., 4: 7446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fant, K. M. 2005. Logically Determined Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hakeem, K. R., J. Akhtar, and M. Sabir (Eds.). 2016. Soil Science: Agricultural and Environmental Prospectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ligtvoet, A., and P. M. Herder. 2012. “Simulation and Gaming for Understanding the Complexity of Cooperation in Industrial Networks.” Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSDM 2011, O. Hammami, D. Krob, and J.-L. Voirin, eds., 81–92. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. “Why The Native American Pipeline Resistance In North Dakota Is About Climate Justice.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Implementation of Section 1903(g) of the Social Security Act by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ruiz-Resto, J. V. 2016. “The Effects of Technical and Imagery-based Instruction on Aspiring Performing Artists’ Acquisition of Learning Newly Composed Pieces and Improvisation and on Listeners’ Perceived Expressivity.” Doctoral dissertation. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. 2014. “At an 85-Year-Old Summer Retreat, a Makeover.” New York Times, August 3, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Visbeck 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Guydosh and Block 2009; Visbeck 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guydosh and Block 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-947X
ISSN (online)1943-5436
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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