How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier, E. B. (2014). “Disaster Management. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1250–1251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J. B., and Bourillot, P. Y. (2001). “Morphogen gradient interpretation.” Nature, 413(6858), 797–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huynh, W. U., Dittmer, J. J., and Alivisatos, A. P. (2002). “Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2425–2427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pei, Z., Shi, G., Kondo, S., Ito, M., Maekawa, A., Suzuki, M., Saito, I., Suzuki, T., and Kanegae, Y. (2013). “Adenovirus vectors lacking virus-associated RNA expression enhance shRNA activity to suppress hepatitis C virus replication.” Scientific reports, 3, 3575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, A. (2016). Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Warren, R., and Menter, A. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, R. R. (2013). “Ethanol-Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Apoptosis in Embryopathy.” Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences, R. R. Watson, V. R. Preedy, and S. Zibadi, eds., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 35–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “How You Can Help Scientists Track How Marine Life Reacts To Climate Change.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tse, J. (2009). “An explication of the Hilbert basis theorem and its relation to school mathematics.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016). “Naughty Boy: Mommy Issues Explain a Lot.” New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barbier 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Barbier 2014; Gurdon and Bourillot 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurdon and Bourillot 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Pei et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-947X
ISSN (online)1943-5436
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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