How to format your references using the Journal of Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2007). “A change of gear at Siemens.” Nature, 448(7156), 852–853.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandler, J. A., and Turelli, M. (2014). “Comment on ‘The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia.’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weymouth, A. J., Hofmann, T., and Giessibl, F. J. (2014). “Quantifying molecular stiffness and interaction with lateral force microscopy.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6175), 1120–1122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krenner, W., Kühne, D., Klappenberger, F., and Barth, J. V. (2013). “Assessment of scanning tunneling spectroscopy modes inspecting electron confinement in surface-confined supramolecular networks.” Scientific reports, 3, 1454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gauthier, M., Andreff, N., and Dombre, E. (2014). Intracorporeal Robotics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA.
An edited book
Kostianoy, A. G., and Lavrova, O. Y. (Eds.). (2014). Oil Pollution in the Baltic Sea. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Korelc, J., and Wriggers, P. (2016). “Automation of Discretization Techniques.” Automation of Finite Element Methods, P. Wriggers, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 97–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Lovesick Birds Are Worse Parents Than Happy Couples.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Aviation Security: Registered Traveler Program Policy and Implementation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosie, S. A. (2012). “Examining stakeholder perceptions of educational success in the Malagasy public education system.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murray, J. (2016). “Defying an Unwritten Rule of Escalator Riding.” New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chandler and Turelli 2014; Schiermeier 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chandler and Turelli 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Krenner et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transportation Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-947X
ISSN (online)1943-5436
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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