How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Romey WL. Evolution. Real fish attack simulated plankton. Science 2012;337:1181–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Im SH, Taghert PH. Neuroscience. A CRY to rise. Science 2011;331:1394–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ikegami H, Tsutsumi Y, Kono K. Chiral symmetry breaking in superfluid 3He-A. Science 2013;341:59–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Okamoto I, Patrat C, Thépot D, Peynot N, Fauque P, Daniel N, et al. Eutherian mammals use diverse strategies to initiate X-chromosome inactivation during development. Nature 2011;472:370–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Deutsch R. Convergence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Ghaoui C, Jain M, Bannore V, C. Jain L, editors. Knowledge-Based Virtual Education. vol. 178. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bocaniala CD, Sá da Costa J. A Fuzzy Classification Technique Applied to Fault Diagnosis. In: Palade V, Jain L, Bocaniala CD, editors. Computational Intelligence in Fault Diagnosis, London: Springer; 2006, p. 105–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Gene Linked To Age Perception Discovered. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gene-linked-youthful-appearance-discovered/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Budgetary Implications of IRS’ Tax System Modernization and Automated Examination System Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Robertson E. Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. Off to Italy to Study Art: An Ex-Inmate’s Journey. New York Times 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Pathology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1054-8807
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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