How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Baulcombe D. RNA silencing in plants. Nature 2004;431:356–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Forget AL, Kowalczykowski SC. Single-molecule imaging of DNA pairing by RecA reveals a three-dimensional homology search. Nature 2012;482:423–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Azuma S, Katayama I, Nakakuki T. Rheological decoupling at the Moho and implication to Venusian tectonics. Sci Rep 2014;4:4403.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Palchykov V, Mitrović M, Jo H-H, Saramäki J, Pan RK. Inferring human mobility using communication patterns. Sci Rep 2014;4:6174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
da Silva LS, Simões R, Gervásio H. Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Bourke SJ, Peel ET, editors. Integrated Palliative Care of Respiratory Disease. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mohan J, Breeze B. The Supply of Philanthropy in Relation to Beneficiary Demand. In: Breeze B, editor. The Logic of Charity: Great Expectations in Hard Times, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 67–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Why You Should Stop Hugging Your Dog If You Really Love Them. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/most-dogs-dont-hugging/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Fly America Act Interpretation]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Maranhao B. Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. Theater; A New Angle on an Old Line. New York Times 2017:AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Pathology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1054-8807
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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