How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Watson B. Obituary: Bert Bolin (1925-2008). Nature. 2008;451:642.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lively CM, Dybdahl MF. Parasite adaptation to locally common host genotypes. Nature. 2000;405:679–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stephens IEL, Elias JS, Shao-Horn Y. CATALYSIS. The importance of being together. Science. 2015;350:164–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yazaki-Sugiyama Y, Kang S, Câteau H, Fukai T, Hensch TK. Bidirectional plasticity in fast-spiking GABA circuits by visual experience. Nature. 2009;462:218–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fabozzi FJ, Kothari V. Introduction to Securitization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1. Hall PJ, editor. The Square Kilometre Array: An Engineering Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Reddy N, Yang Y. Fibers from Sorghum Stems and Leaves. In: Yang Y, editor. Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 11–2.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Davis J. England To Offer Gay Men HPV Vaccine For First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/uk-offer-gay-men-hpv-vaccine/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: Short-Term Progress Made, but Much Work Remains to Achieve a Two-Way Data Exchange Between VA and DOD Health Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Nov. Report No.: GAO-04-271T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vaughn EL. Find me on Facebook: A new typology for categorizing online personalities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Hot for a Dairy Queen Sign. New York Times. 2017 Aug 31;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Drugs Ther.
ISSN (print)0920-3206
ISSN (online)1573-7241
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

Other styles