How to format your references using the BMC Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gilbertson SR. Chemistry. Relay reactions that trap organometallic intermediates. Science. 2012;338:1432–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Friedman JR, Nunnari J. Mitochondrial form and function. Nature. 2014;505:335–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Singh R, Jamieson A, Cresswell P. GILT is a critical host factor for Listeria monocytogenes infection. Nature. 2008;455:1244–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee TI, Causton HC, Holstege FC, Shen WC, Hannett N, Jennings EG, et al. Redundant roles for the TFIID and SAGA complexes in global transcription. Nature. 2000;405:701–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Equipment Testing Procedures Committee. Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1. Toi VV, Khoa TQD, editors. The Third International Conference on the Development of Biomedical Engineering in Vietnam: BME2010, 11–14 January, 2010, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stahl G. Interactional Methods and Social Practices in VMT. In: Stahl G, editor. Studying Virtual Math Teams. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Veterinary Research.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Ötzi the 5,300-Year-Old Iceman has 61 Tattoos. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tzi-5300-year-old-iceman-has-61-tattoos/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Markets: Status of Computer Improvements at the New York Stock Exchange. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. O’Connell AM. Customer retention and leadership in the nonprofit healthcare organization. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Davis JH, Shear MD. Team of Rivals At the Lectern For a President. New York Times. 2017;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Veterinary Research
AbbreviationBMC Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)1746-6148
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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