How to format your references using the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rhee SG. Cell signaling. H2O2, a necessary evil for cell signaling. Science. 2006;312(5782):1882-1883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guessoum N, Osama A. Institutions: Revive universities of the Muslim world. Nature. 2015;526(7575):634-636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavriil FP, Kaspi VM, Woods PM. Magnetar-like X-ray bursts from an anomalous X-ray pulsar. Nature. 2002;419(6903):142-144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen XH, Wu T, Wu G, Liu RH, Chen H, Fang DF. Superconductivity at 43 K in SmFeAsO1-xFx. Nature. 2008;453(7196):761-762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMarzio JF. Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Ghosh A, Jain LC, eds. Evolutionary Computation in Data Mining. Vol 163. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Bari ATMG, Reaz MR, Choi H-J, Jeong B-S. DNA Encoding for Splice Site Prediction in Large DNA Sequence. In: Hong B, Meng X, Chen L, Winiwarter W, Song W, eds. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 18th International Conference, DASFAA 2013, International Workshops: BDMA, SNSM, SeCoP, Wuhan, China, April 22-25, 2013. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:46-58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
Hale T. Here’s What The Weather Does To Your Body. IFLScience. Published May 5, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Abandonments: Abandonment Activity and Shipper Views on Rail Service Loss. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woods BA. The Perceived Efficacy of an Empowerment Model of Youth Development among Vermont Educational Leaders. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilford JN. John Glenn, Hero of the Space Age and a Longtime Senator, Is Dead at 95. New York Times. December 8, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Facial Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationArch. Facial Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)1521-2491
ISSN (online)1538-3660
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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