How to format your references using the Cancer Microenvironment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Microenvironment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Buckingham S (2004) Exploring the public domain. Nature 428:774
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bucknall DG, Anderson HL (2003) Chemistry. Polymers get organized. Science 302:1904–1905
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Klöckner H-R, Baan WA, Garrett MA (2003) Investigation of the obscuring circumnuclear torus in the active galaxy Mrk231. Nature 421:821–823
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Tsuno S, Wang X, Shomori K, et al (2014) Hsa-miR-520d induces hepatoma cells to form normal liver tissues via a stemness-mediated process. Sci Rep 4:3852

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cronin R (2012) Reading Victorian Poetry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Buchanan MT, Gellel A-M (2015) Global Perspectives on Catholic Religious Education in Schools, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gemmeke T, Sabry MM, Stuijt J, et al (2016) Memories for NTC. In: Hübner M, Silvano C (eds) Near Threshold Computing: Technology, Methods and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 75–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Microenvironment.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) China Wants To Revive The World’s Largest Ever Plane. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/china-wants-to-revive-the-worlds-largest-ever-plane/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2001) BIA and DOD Schools: Student Achievement and Other Characteristics Often Differ from Public Schools’. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ji JH (2010) Near-field characteristics of wall jets with tabs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mueller B, Baker AL, Southall A (2017) Attempted Murder Charge in Bronx Shooting of Boy on His 5th Birthday. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Microenvironment
AbbreviationCancer Microenviron.
ISSN (print)1875-2292
ISSN (online)1875-2284
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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