How to format your references using the Cancer Microenvironment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Microenvironment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McKinnon WB (2012) Planetary science. The strangest terrestrial planet. Science 336:162–163
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Myers MG Jr, Olson DP (2012) Central nervous system control of metabolism. Nature 491:357–363
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rompolas P, Mesa KR, Greco V (2013) Spatial organization within a niche as a determinant of stem-cell fate. Nature 502:513–518
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
McClintock WE, Vervack RJ Jr, Bradley ET, et al (2009) MESSENGER observations of Mercury’s exosphere: detection of magnesium and distribution of constituents. Science 324:610–613

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bisswanger H (2017) Enzyme Kinetics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Kalaja P (2015) Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Deng X, Liu J, Ma E, et al (2015) Impact Assessments on Water and Heat Fluxes of Terrestrial Ecosystem Due to Land Use Change. In: Zhan J (ed) Impacts of Land-use Change on Ecosystem Services. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 149–209

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Microenvironment.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) Evidence For Ancient Mega-Tsunamis Discovered On Mars. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/evidence-ancient-ocean-mars-may-have-been-washed-away-mega-tsunamis/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) To Date, DISH Network Is Cooperating with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Meng W (2014) Synthesis and design of microwave wideband filters and components. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Turkewitz J (2016) Mayor’s Arrest and Link to the Death of a Boy Have Divided a California City. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Microenvironment
AbbreviationCancer Microenviron.
ISSN (print)1875-2292
ISSN (online)1875-2284
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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