How to format your references using the Cancer Immunology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Immunology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Turchin P. Arise “cliodynamics.” Nature. 2008;454:34–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hyman T, Simons K. A pipeline for Europe. Nature. 2007;449:256.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Berger G, Graef F, Pfeffer H. Glyphosate applications on arable fields considerably coincide with migrating amphibians. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2622.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Sheng Y, Liao L-D, Thakor N, Tan MC. Rare-Earth doped particles as dual-modality contrast agent for minimally-invasive luminescence and dual-wavelength photoacoustic imaging. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6562.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Riehle F. Frequency Standards. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2003.
An edited book
1.
Gao C, editor. Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration: From Surface/Interface Design to 3D Constructs. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Abu-Elteen KH, Hamad MM. Novel Antifungal Therapies. In: Kavanagh K, editor. New Insights in Medical Mycology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. page 69–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Immunology Research.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Divers Encounter Enormous Ocean Sunfish [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-divers-swim-along-massive-ocean-sunfish/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Nanomanufacturing: Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jan. Report No.: GAO-14-181SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Duley LA. A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Meier B, Ember S. Questions on Direction of a Paper in Las Vegas. New York Times. 2015;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Immunology Research
AbbreviationCancer Immunol. Res.
ISSN (print)2326-6066
ISSN (online)2326-6074
ScopeCancer Research
Immunology

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