How to format your references using the Cancer Immunology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Immunology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scott JC. Materials science. Is there an immortal memory? Science. 2004;304:62–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Li G, Zhang J. Ultra-broadband and efficient surface plasmon polariton launching through metallic nanoslits of subwavelength period. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5914.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mashchenko S, Wadsley J, Couchman HMP. Stellar feedback in dwarf galaxy formation. Science. 2008;319:174–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Xu X-D, Cheng H, Chen W-H, Cheng S-X, Zhuo R-X, Zhang X-Z. In situ recognition of cell-surface glycans and targeted imaging of cancer cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Iyengar SS, Parameshwaran N, Phoha VV, Balakrishnan N, Okoye CD. Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Obaidat MS, Tsihrintzis GA, Filipe J, editors. e-Business and Telecommunications: 7th International Joint Conference, ICETE 2010, Athens, Greece, July 26-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mallett J. Modeling the Textbook Fractional Reserve Banking System. In: Osinga S, Hofstede GJ, Verwaart T, editors. Emergent Results of Artificial Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. page 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Immunology Research.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Largest Lunar Explosion Recorded [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/largest-lunar-explosion-recorded/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Long-Standing Weaknesses in Enterprise Architecture Development Need to Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-702.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
RinconGallardo TJ. The effect of the use of learning journals on the development of metacognition in undergraduate students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Podcast Therapy. New York Times. 2017;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Immunology Research
AbbreviationCancer Immunol. Res.
ISSN (print)2326-6066
ISSN (online)2326-6074
ScopeCancer Research
Immunology

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