How to format your references using the Cancer Immunology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Immunology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chait BT. Chemistry. Mass spectrometry: bottom-up or top-down? Science. 2006;314:65–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ramos SBV, Laederach A. Molecular biology: A second layer of information in RNA. Nature. 2014;505:621–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nasrallah ME, Liu P, Nasrallah JB. Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science. 2002;297:247–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang T, Zhang Z, Liao F, Cai Q, Li Y, Lee S-T, et al. The effect of dielectric constants on noble metal/semiconductor SERS enhancement: FDTD simulation and experiment validation of Ag/Ge and Ag/Si substrates. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ketring KL, Glaze MB. Atlas of Feline Ophthalmology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Paterson C, Lee D, Saha A, Zoellner A, editors. Advancing Media Production Research: Shifting Sites, Methods, and Politics. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dreger AD. Intersex and Human Rights: The Long View. In: Sytsma SE, editor. Ethics and Intersex. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. page 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Immunology Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Channel-Hopping Moth Plague: Our Clothes Are Safe, But Mind The Cabbages [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/channelhopping-moth-plague-our-clothes-are-safe-but-mind-the-cabbages/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Hubble Space Telescope. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-93-247R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Damiano ES. The effects of psychological stress on physical health over time [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Turkewitz J, Fernandez M, Blinder A. Deadly Storm Transforms Houston Streets Into Raging Rivers. New York Times. 2017;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Immunology Research
AbbreviationCancer Immunol. Res.
ISSN (print)2326-6066
ISSN (online)2326-6074
ScopeCancer Research
Immunology

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